myristicin


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my·ris·ti·cin

(mi-ris'ti-sin),
A constituent of nutmeg thought to be responsible, at least in part, for the bizarre central nervous system symptoms produced by the ingestion of large amounts of nutmeg.

myristicin

An aromatic phenylpropene ether with anticholinergic and psychoactive properties, which is extracted from nutmeg. Excess consumption of nutmeg results in delirium and disorientation.
References in periodicals archive ?
The main constituents are monoterpene hydrocarbons; mainly camphene, pinene, cymene and myristicin.
Additionally, phenyl propanoids such as myristicin, present in different Apiaceae (Hall, 1973), may contribute to neurological effects (Hallstrom and Thuvander, 1997).
Upon GC/MS analysis essential oil contained thirty compounds eluted on a DB-1-1022 column such as 1R-a-Pinene, b-Pinene, D-Limonene, b-Phellandrene, b-Terpinyl acetate, T-Terpinene, p-Cymene, Dehydro-p-cymene, cis-b-Terpineol, Trans-p-Metha-2,8-dienal, 4-Terpineol, Trans-dihydrocarvone, a-Terpineol, D-Carvone, Carvone, Cis-p-Menth-1-en-3-ol, 2,3-Epoxycarene, L-cis-Sabinol, p-Cymen-8-ol, cis-Carveol, Estragole, 2-Pinen-4-one, 2-Allyl-4-methyl phenol, O-tert-butyl Phenol, Thymol, Carvacrol, Elemicin, Myristicin, Apiol, Methoxyeugenol and Limonene-6-ol, pivalate (Table 5).
In mice, hepatic DNA breakup in liver TNF-a serum concentration was raised by LPS/D-GalN and myristicin established to distinctly repress this effect.
Parsley boasts highly active volatile components such as myristicin, apiol, eugenol, and more.
Parsley also contains the phytochemical myristicin, which studies have shown to inhibit tumor formation, particularly in the lungs.
The most common components found in the Piper species studied are camphor, apiole, myristicin, safrole, sarisan, dillapiole, linalool, nerolidol, [alpha] and [beta]-pinene, [alpha]-humulene, [beta]-caryophyllene, as well as propenyphenols.
The toxicity is caused by a chemical in the seeds, myristicin, which has anticholinergic properties.
10) The aromatic oil of nutmeg contains myristicin, a psychoactive substance that is chemically similar to hallucinogenic compounds such as mescaline.
Still other research found that myristicin, a compound contained in nutmeg, inhibits a brain enzyme involved in the development of AD.