myringotomy


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myringotomy

 [mir″ing-got´ah-me]
incision of the tympanic membrane, usually performed to relieve pressure and allow drainage of serous or purulent fluid from the middle ear. Sometimes, as in the case of serous otitis media, a ventilating tube called a grommet is inserted to permit continuous ventilation and avoid a chronic middle ear problem with fluid accumulation, pain, and loss of hearing. When a simple myringotomy is done for purposes of draining purulent material resulting from recurrent suppurative otitis media, care should be taken to avoid contamination by the fluid. Eardrops may be prescribed if there is fluid in the ear. The ear should be kept dry for two weeks after the procedure, with no fluid entering the ear until the myringotomy site in the eardrum is healed.
Myringotomy and insertion of a tympanoplasty tube as treatment for otitis media. From Frazier et al., 2000.

myr·in·got·o·my

(mir'in-got'ŏ-mē),
Incision of the tympanic membrane.
Synonym(s): tympanotomy
[myringo- + G. tomē, excision]

myringotomy

(mîr′ĭng-gŏt′ə-mē)
n.
Surgical puncture of the tympanic membrane, as for the removal of fluid or the drainage of pus.

myringotomy

ENT A circumferential incision in the inferior quadrants of the pars tensa of tympanic membrane for draining middle ear effusions, a procedure used in treating chronic otitis media; myringotomy with tympanostomy offers more disease-free time and improved hearing, at a 'cost' of otorrhea and persistent tympanic membrane perforation

my·rin·got·o·my

(mir'in-got'ŏ-mē)
Paracentesis of the tympanic membrane.
Synonym(s): tympanostomy, tympanotomy.
[myringo- + G. tomē, excision]

myringotomy

Surgical cutting (incision) of the eardrum. This may be done to allow discharge of pus from the middle ear or, more commonly, to insert a grommet in cases of ‘glue ear’ (secretory OTITIS MEDIA) to drain the middle ear and relieve deafness.

Myringotomy

A surgical procedure performed to drain an infected middle ear. A newer type of myringotomy uses a laser instead of a scalpel.
References in periodicals archive ?
On further analysis with help of Bonferroni (post-hoc) test, significant results were found when medical treatment group was compared to surgical treatment groups, but there was no difference found in additional surgery done in Group 3 (Adenoidectomy and/ or tonsillectomy) when compared to myringotomy and tympanostomy tube insertion alone (Group 2).
In our presented case, we took the swab during myringotomy, and the bacteriology result revealed Streptococcus pneumonia as the causative agent, and the ordinate antimicrobial therapy was culture based.
Statistical Analysis: The data was recorded on a proforma and the descriptive statistics were analyzed using SPSS 16 for Windows to determine frequencies for variables like gender, age, duration of symptoms, types of tympanograms and myringotomy findings.
Therefore, as a Perioperative Nurse, a patient's advocate and a Masters student, I embarked into researching the relationship between Fentanyl and PONV in children undergoing myringotomy.
Treatment for childhood CHL may involve medical and surgical management, ranging from myringotomy and ventilation tube (grommet) insertion for persistent middle-ear effusions, tympanomastoidectomy for cholesteatoma with recon-struction of the ossicular chain, to bone-anchored hearing systems for congenital aural atresia.
AOM occurring in children who were known cases of otitis media with effusion (whether under observation or undergone myringotomy and ventilation tube placement) were excluded from the study.
She responded well to surgical drainage and mastoidectomy with myringotomy tube placement and initial parenteral therapy with vancomycin (plus ceftriaxone), and was transitioned to oral levofloxacin.
Myringotomy tubes can be placed before, during, or after cochlear implants are placed, without putting the patient or the success of the cochlear device at undue risk, according to a study of 62 children.
After obtaining approval of the ethics committee and informed parental consent, 90 ASA physical status I children, aged two to seven years, undergoing adenoidectomy with or without bilateral myringotomy and insertion of tubes were studied.
Neurological and hearing sequelae from meningitis were also modeled, as were AOM sequelae (through myringotomy rates); however, bacteremia was assumed to have no sequelae.