myotoxin


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myotoxin

(mī′ō-tŏk-sĭn) [+ Gr. toxikon, poison]
A poison that destroys muscle cells. Myotoxins are found in a variety of venoms, esp. those delivered by the bite of certain poisonous snakes, such as adders and cobras.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pharmacological properties of Vochysia Haenkeana (Vochysiaceae) extract to neutralize the neuromuscular blockade induced by Bothropstoxin-I (Lys49 Phospholipase A2) myotoxin. Adv Pharm Bull 2017; 7: 433-439, doi: 10.15171/apb.2017.052.
Tomaz et al., "Inhibition of myotoxic activity of Bothrops asper myotoxin II by the anti-trypanosomal drug suramin," Journal of Molecular Biology, vol.
When the target [PLA.sub.2]s are Lys49 homologues or Asp49 myotoxins, the sbPLIs are specifically called myotoxin inhibitor proteins (MIPs) [85, 86].
(3,4,7) Although federal and state health laboratories have not identified the heat-stable myotoxin in Haff disease, mice fed samples of toxic buffalo fish developed histopathological evidence of rhabdomyolysis with renal tubular myoglobin and myoglobinuria.
Various other mechanisms have been suggested--directly acting cardiotoxin (5), myotoxin causing cardiac muscle damage, (6) coronary vasospasm, (7) electrolyte disturbance, (8) severe hypotension (9) and disturbance of autonomic innervation of the heart.
Stabeli et al., "Structural and functional analysis of BmjMIP, a phospholipase [A.sub.2] myotoxin inhibitor protein from Bothrops moojeni snake plasma," Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol.
A new muscle damaging toxin, myotoxin II, from the venom of the snake Bothrops asper (terciopelo).
Structural and Functional Analisis of BmjMIP, a Phospholipase [A.sub.2] Myotoxin Inhibitor Protein from Bothrops moojeni plasma.
Natural phospholipase A(2) myotoxin inhibitor proteins from snakes, mammals and plants.
The dynamics of local tissue damage induced by Bothrops asper snake venom and myotoxin II on the mouse cremaster muscle: an intravital and electron miocroscopic study.