myofascial syndrome

my·o·fas·ci·al syn·drome

irritation of the muscles and fascia of the back and neck causing acute and chronic pain not associated with any neurologic or bony evidence of disease; presumed to arise primarily from poorly understood changes in the muscle and fascia themselves.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

myofascial pain syndrome

A chronic, nonprogressive, nondegenerative and non-inflammatory musculoskeletal pain syndrome, which is characterised by local or referred pain evoked at multiple trigger points and accompanied by stiffness, weakness, “knot formation”, and decreased range of motion in precise, specific patterns.
Clinical findings
Generalised pain—head, neck, chest, joints, pelvis, back, sciatica.
Three-step analgesic ladder: injection with local anaesthetics, steroids, anti-inflammatories.

Possibly autonomic dysfunction.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

myofascial syndrome

Neurology A painful condition characterized by local or referred pain evoked at multiple trigger points, accompanied by pain, stiffness, weakness, ↓ ROM Clinical Pain everywhere–head, neck, chest, joints, pelvis, back, sciatica Management 3-step drug ladder
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Skootsky SA et al25 found that majority of patients who got admitted to a comprehensive pain clinic had a primary organic diagnosis of myofascial syndrome. [25] Among 61 consecutive consultation or followup, patients in an Internal Medicine Group practice 10% of all patients and 31% of those presenting with a pain complaint had myofascial trigger points identified as being primarily responsible for their symptoms.
The pain thresholds (kg/[cm.sup.2]) of healthy women (2.6 [+ or -] 0.2) were significantly higher than those of women with endometriosis (1.0 [+ or -] 0.1, P<0.0001) or myofascial syndrome (1.9 [+ or -] 0.2, P = 0.007).
Nerve lesion leads to changes in muscle function, resulting in muscle imbalances with deformity of soft tissues and joints (2-6) that can contribute to the development of myofascial syndrome. This condition has some characteristics that can be similar to neuropathic pain such a regional burning pain complaint, paraesthesia in the typical trigger point distribution, exquisite tenderness in taut band, a local twitch response and a restricted range of motion.
Myofascial syndrome, how pain develops and re-education are examined in this article.
"This was essentially a myofascial syndrome with perhaps some component of postoperative pain," he said.
Pressure on these nodules produces the sclerotomal pain referral patterns that are also seen with myofascial syndromes, and which often confuse clinicians into thinking that the problem is nerve root compensation.[7] Recently Swezey[8] reported on his case series of 126 patients in a private rheumatology practice.