myofascial pain syndrome

(redirected from myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome)
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myofascial pain syndrome

A chronic, nonprogressive, nondegenerative and non-inflammatory musculoskeletal pain syndrome, which is characterised by local or referred pain evoked at multiple trigger points and accompanied by stiffness, weakness, “knot formation”, and decreased range of motion in precise, specific patterns.
 
Clinical findings
Generalised pain—head, neck, chest, joints, pelvis, back, sciatica.
 
Management
Three-step analgesic ladder: injection with local anaesthetics, steroids, anti-inflammatories.

Mechanism
Possibly autonomic dysfunction.

myofascial pain syndrome

(mī″ă-făsh′ăl, shē-ăl),

MFP

A chronic musculoskeletal pain disorder characterized by the presence of trigger points; decreased range of motion in affected muscle groups; weakness; and, on occasion, local autonomic disturbances such as localized perspiration.
References in periodicals archive ?
Diagnosing a case of myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome is challenging yet once diagnosed it can be completely cured.The pain arises from trigger points present in the muscles that are in spasm.
Myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome (MPDS) is known as a psychophysiological disease, which is associated with muscular structure--in particular, the muscle of mastication [97].