myocutaneous flap


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flap

 [flap]
1. a mass of tissue for grafting, usually including skin, only partially removed from one part of the body so that it retains its own blood supply during transfer to another site.
2. an uncontrolled movement.
advancement flap sliding flap.
axial pattern flap a myocutaneous flap containing an artery in its long axis.
free flap an island flap detached from the body and reattached at the distant recipient site by microvascular anastomosis.
island flap a flap consisting of skin and subcutaneous tissue, with a pedicle made up of only the nutrient vessels.
jump flap one cut from the abdomen and attached to a flap of the same size on the forearm. The forearm flap is transferred later to some other part of the body to fill a defect there.
myocutaneous flap a compound flap of skin and muscle with adequate vascularity to permit sufficient tissue to be transferred to the recipient site. See also axial pattern flap and random pattern flap.
pedicle flap a flap consisting of the full thickness of the skin and the subcutaneous tissue, attached by tissue through which it receives its blood supply. Called also pedicle graft.
random pattern flap a myocutaneous flap with a random pattern of arteries, as opposed to an axial pattern flap.
rope flap tube flap.
rotation flap a local pedicle flap whose width is increased by having the edge distal to the defect form a curved line; the flap is then rotated and a counterincision is made at the base of the curved line, which increases the mobility of the flap.
skin flap a full-thickness mass or flap of tissue containing epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissue.
sliding flap a flap carried to its new position by a sliding technique; called also advancement flap.
tube flap (tubed pedicle flap) a bipedicle flap made by elevating a long strip of tissue from its bed except at the two extremities, the cut edges then being sutured together to form a tube.

mus·cu·lo·cu·ta·ne·ous flap

a pedicled skin flap, often an island flap, with attached subjacent muscle, investing fascia, and blood supply.
Synonym(s): myocutaneous flap
References in periodicals archive ?
The lower trapezius island myocutaneous flap. Ann Plast Surg 1980; 5: 108-114.
Reliable, minimally invasive oromandibular reconstruction using metal plate rolled with pectoralis major myocutaneous flap. J Craniofac Surg 2001; 12:326-36.
Is myocutaneous flap alone sufficient for reconstruction of chest wall osteoradionecrosis?
For the reconstruction of head and neck defects, a pedicled pectoralis major myocutaneous flap, a trapezius myocutaneous flap, and a superficial cervical artery flap can be used for the same purpose (8).
(13) Reported perineal closure techniques vary between biological mesh implants, myocutaneous flaps or direct closure.
In our case, no reconstruction was attempted, and a free myocutaneous flap was used to provide tissue cover for the patient postoperatively.
In our study additional procedure done for wound closed were random pattern fascio cutaneous flap in 16 (53.33%), myocutaneous flap in 3 (10%), rotational flap in 2 (6.66%), Split Skin Graft in 6 (20%) and secondary suturing in 3 (10%).
The platysma myocutaneous flap (PMF) for head and neck reconstruction: a retrospective and multicentric analysis of 91 T1-T2 patients.
In 2005, Righini et al documented the advantage of placing a pectoralis myocutaneous flap during post-radiotherapy laryngectomy in a selected group of patients with diabetes mellitus, poor nutritional status, or a history of vascular disease.
I have reconstructed about 40 penises by one stage groin or rectus abdomens myocutaneous flap. The main problem is the construction of urethra up to the tip and stiffening it.
Inlay method refers to using the skin paddle of the pectoralis myocutaneous flap to reconstruct a portion of the neopharyngeal wall.
Gracilis myocutaneous flap for the coverage of an extensive scrotoperineal defect and protection of the ruptured urethra and testes.