He said Mycotoxins
contamination is unavoidable and unpredictable, which makes it a unique challenge to food safety.
"The Lebanese authorities should set proper regulations and standards concerning the permissible levels of mycotoxins
which must be verified by the Lebanese Standards Institution," Darra said.
Tropical conditions such as high temperatures and moisture, monsoons, unseasonal rains during harvest and flash floods lead to fungal proliferation and production of mycotoxins
. Poor harvesting techniques, inappropriate storage and less optimal conditions during transportation, marketing and processing can also contribute to fungal growth and increase the risk of aflatoxins production (Wagacha and Muthomi.
The slurry was immediately oscillated for 30 s with a vortex mixer and centrifuged at 10,000 g for 5 min at 4[degrees]C, with an aim to induce phase separation and mycotoxins
Some studies showed that soybean is susceptible to the growth of moulds that produce mycotoxins
such as AF and trichothecenes [6,22].
, in turn, classified according to their secretion time.
Various pharmaceutical companies, both at national and international level, are involved in supplying a variety of natural or synthetic products to combat the problem of mycotoxins
in livestock and poultry.
DNA damage caused by mycotoxins
has been shown to be carcinogenic.
GM corn can help to increase the quality of grain by reducing mycotoxin
contamination and thereby protecting the animals and their outputs.
Ochratoxins (OTs) are the hazardous group of mycotoxins
produced as secondary metabolite by several moulds.
The fungi that he has studied, produce toxins (mycotoxins
) which affect cell metaboloism.
The resulting mycotoxins
can cause transitory illnesses, organ failure, immune system suppression, stunting of growth in young children, cancer, and death.