mycosis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

mycosis

 [mi-ko´sis]
any disease caused by fungi.
mycosis fungoi´des a chronic or rapidly progressive form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (formerly thought to be of fungal origin), which in some cases evolves into generalized lymphoma. It may be divided generally into three successive stages: premycotic, associated with intensely pruritic eruptions; infiltrated plaques, or mycotic, characterized by the presence of abnormal mononuclear cells (Sézary cells); and mushroom-like tumors that often ulcerate. The tumor stage (d'emblée type) may develop without preceding lesions or prodromal symptoms.
opportunistic mycosis a fungal or funguslike disease occurring as an opportunistic infection. Fungi that may become opportunistic pathogens include species of Aspergillus, Candida, Mucor, and Cryptococcus. Successful treatment of opportunistic mycoses depends on identification of the specific organism causing the infection. Without effective therapy a systemic infection of this type can be fatal.

my·co·sis

, pl.

my·co·ses

(mī-kō'sis, -sēz),
Any disease caused by a fungus (filamentous or yeast).
[myco- + G. -osis, condition]

mycosis

(mī-kō′sĭs)
n. pl. myco·ses (-sēz)
1. A fungal infection in or on a part of the body.
2. A disease caused by a fungus.

mycosis

A fungal infection; the most common mycosis in the US is candidiasis, caused by C albicans, commonly vaginal in adult ♀, oral in children, and esophageal in AIDS and immunocompromise

my·co·sis

(mī-kō'sis)
Any disease caused by a fungus (filamentous or yeast).
[myco- + G. -osis, condition]

mycosis

(mī-kō′sĭs) [″ + osis, condition]
Any disease induced by a fungus, or resembling a fungal disease.

mycosis fungoides

Abbreviation: MF
Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, esp. when the disease is first clinically apparent on the skin. The skin is marked by irregularly shaped macules, plaques, or nodules, which usually first appear on the trunk and may sometimes cause considerable itching. The rash may be difficult to diagnose or may be misdiagnosed as another form of dermatitis. Biopsy specimens may reveal atypical-appearing lymphocytes in the epidermis or collections of malignant lymphocytes in clusters called Pautrier's microabscesses. Eventually (e.g., 10 or more years after diagnosis), the malignant cells disseminate throughout the skin and into lymph nodes and internal organs.

Treatment

Topical nitrogen mustard, phototherapy with psoralens and ultraviolet light, systemic chemotherapy, interferons, extracorporeal phototherapy, and electron beam radiation of the skin have all been used. The disease may be curable when treated in its very earliest stage.

NOTE

The name “mycosis fungoides” is deceptive, as the disease is not fungal in origin.

superficial mycosis

Any of a group of fungus infections of the skin. Included in this group are erythrasma, tinea barbae, tinea capitis, tinea corporis, tinea cruris, tinea favosa, tinea pedis, tinea unguium, and trichomycosis axillaris.
Enlarge picture
SYSTEMIC MYCOSIS: Cryptococcosis of lung; arrows indicate fungus (orig. mag. ×450)

systemic mycosis

Any of a group of deep fungus infections involving various bodily systems or regions. Included in this group are aspergillosis, blastomycosis, chromoblastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, cryptococcosis, geotrichosis, histoplasmosis, maduromycosis, moniliasis, mucormycosis, nocardiosis, penicilliosis, rhinosporidiosis, and sporotrichosis. See: illustration
illustration

mycosis

Any disease caused by a fungus.

mycosis

an animal disease caused by fungal infection.

my·co·sis

(mī-kō'sis)
Any disease caused by a fungus (filamentous or yeast).
[myco- + G. -osis, condition]

Patient discussion about mycosis

Q. What is the best way to treat fungal infection so it wont come back every year at the same time?? I don't know where I got it from- maybe caught it in a public shower,some people say it develops while the foot is in the shoe for long hours- I'm not sure- but every fall, for like 5 years now, I've been having this fungal infection in a few spots in my feet. usually in the same exact spots and ewvery year another one show up. what to do to make it go away?? it's real ugly and itchy, can't stand it. any help would be appreciated...

A. i also used to have fungal infections (Athlete's foot). i just applied a topical anti fungal cream to treat it and then continued applying it for prevention and started to use sandals in public showers. and thank god, i don't have any now.

More discussions about mycosis
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to the mortality effect, the production of progeny and the influence of fungal dose rates on mycosis and sporulation in the cadavers of S.
Tan, "Retrospective 5-year review of 131 patients with mycosis fungoides and Seezary syndrome seen at the National Skin Centre, Singapore," Australasian Journal of Dermatology, vol.
Mycosis Fungoides was found in 4-7th decade while rest of tumours presented in different age groups.
Dalle, "Transformed mycosis fungoides: clinicopathological features and outcome," British Journal of Dermatology, vol.
CD30 expression and proliferative fraction in nontransformed mycosis fungoides.
" Mycosis Fungoides: a dermatological masquerader".
* Coverage of the Mycosis Fungoides pipeline on the basis of route of administration and molecule type.
xylostella larval population densities and levels of mycosis. The highest levels of mycosis in the P.
Pautrier's micro abscess and basal alignment were the two histological parameters significantly associated with mycosis fungoides in both unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression analysis.
Antibodies against retroviral core proteins in relation to disease outcome in patients with mycosis fungoides.
This systemic mycosis has a broad geographic distribution from Mexico to Argentina.
IB and C), attached to the plant and displaying Hirsutella-induced mycosis, were seen as early as 7 and 12 d after exposure, respectively.