mutualism


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

mutualism

 [mu´choo͡-al-izm]
the biologic association of two individuals or populations of different species, both of which are benefited by the relationship and sometimes unable to exist without it. adj., adj mutualis´-tic.

mu·tu·al·ism

(myū'chū-ăl-izm),
Symbiotic relationship in which both species derive benefit. Compare: commensalism, metabiosis, parasitism.

mutualism

(myo͞o′cho͞o-ə-lĭz′əm)
n.
An association between two organisms of different species in which each member benefits.

mu′tu·al·ist n.
mu′tu·al·is′tic adj.

mu·tu·al·ism

(myū'chyū-ăl-izm)
Symbiotic relationship from which both species derive benefit.
Compare: commensalism, metabiosis, parasitism

mutualism

see SYMBIOSIS.
References in periodicals archive ?
Does having multiple partners weaken the benefits of facultative mutualism? a test with cacti and cactus-tending ants.
Consequences of ants and extrafloral nectar for pollinating seed-consuming mutualism: ant satiation, floral distraction, or plant defense?
The mutualism phase simulates the mutualism between two living organisms, [eco.sub.i] and [eco.sub.j].
Invasive Argentine ants reduce fitness of red maple via a mutualism with an endemic coccid.
Previously, corresponding to system (3), Li and Yang [4] and Li [5] proposed the following two-species discrete model of mutualism with infinite deviating arguments:
As MINSAP consolidated and extended state services it had an ambivalent attitude toward mutualism, which was based on privately owned services.
Mutualism offers some potential answers for growing housing and community problems in our inner cities.
Symbiotic mutualism situates mutualist creatures in relations of interdependence with others, and so the needs of each constitute calls to others.
This type of ant-tree mutualism is common throughout the tropics, where a variety of trees produce speciali7ed structures to feed and/or house ants.
where [x.sub.i](k) stand for the densities of species [x.sub.i] at the kth generation, [a.sub.i](k) represent the natural growth rates of species [x.sub.i] at the kth generation, [b.sub.i](k) are the intraspecific effects of the kth generation of species [x.sub.i] on own population, [c.sub.ij] (k) measure the interspecific mutualism effects of the kth generation of species [x.sub.j] on species [x.sub.i] (i, j = 1,2, ..., n,i [not equal to] j), and [d.sub.jj] ([greater than or equal to] 1) are positive control constants.
Corresponding to system (2), Li [10] proposed the following delayed discrete model of mutualism: