mutation breeding

mutation breeding

a breeding technique in which MUTAGENS are used to produce new genetic forms of useful agricultural species. While novel types can be successfully made in this way, most MUTATIONS are harmful and, being a random occurence, it is difficult to control the changes that are produced, many of which will upset the delicate balance of genes in a particular strain.
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Provision of short- and long-term graduate and post-graduate education programmes and training programmes in the fields of food and agriculture (including plant mutation breeding, soil and nutrient management, animal health and production); industrial applications and non-destructive testing; radiation and nuclear safety; nuclear regulatory infrastructure; radiological and emergency preparedness; radiation processing; radiation medicine; marine and terrestrial environmental monitoring and management; radioactive waste management; and research reactor applications;
The success of improving the the local rice has triggered the researcher and others to help improve the agronomic properties of their local rice through technology of nuclear, because it is believed that radiation mutation breeding can improve the weakness of varieties local rice without changing other preferred properties.
Applied Mutation Breeding for vegetatively propagated crops.
The mutation breeding techniques have been effectively used for the improvement of yield characters and development of germplasm with novel and desired traits of major crop plants (Maluszynski et al.
Mutation Breeding in Chickpea: Perspectives and Prospects for Food Security
Curiously, they ignore the much less controlled reshuffling of genes that takes place through the more widespread and longstanding practice of mutation breeding.
The goal is to use hybridization and induced mutation breeding to produce high-yielding indica lines with good-quality grain and ideal amylose content for the U.
A case is also made that mutation breeding has gone on, mostly unchecked, in many crops, contributing to improved agricultural production in many regions of the world.
Mutation breeding uses radiation or chemicals, including known human mutagens and carcinogens.