mutant gene

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Related to mutant gene: Mutant allele


one of the biologic units of heredity, self-reproducing, and located at a definite position (locus) on a particular chromosome. Genes make up segments of the complex deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecule that controls cellular reproduction and function. There are thousands of genes in the chromosomes of each cell nucleus; they play an important role in heredity because they control the individual physical, biochemical, and physiologic traits inherited by offspring from their parents. Through the genetic code of DNA they also control the day-to-day functions and reproduction of all cells in the body. For example, the genes control the synthesis of structural proteins and also the enzymes that regulate various chemical reactions that take place in a cell.

The gene is capable of replication. When a cell multiplies by mitosis each daughter cell carries a set of genes that is an exact replica of that of the parent cell. This characteristic of replication explains how genes can carry hereditary traits through successive generations without change.
allelic gene allele.
complementary g's two independent pairs of nonallelic genes, neither of which will produce its effect in the absence of the other.
DCC gene (deleted in colorectal carcinoma) a gene normally expressed in the mucosa of the colon but reduced or absent in a small proportion of patients with colorectal cancer.
dominant gene one that produces an effect (the phenotype) in the organism regardless of the state of the corresponding allele. An example of a trait determined by a dominant gene is brown eye color. See also heredity.
histocompatibility gene one that determines the specificity of tissue antigenicity (hla antigens) and thus the compatibility of donor and recipient in tissue transplantation and blood transfusion.
holandric g's genes located on the Y chromosome and appearing only in male offspring.
immune response (Ir) g's genes of the major histocompatibility complex that govern the immune response to individual immunogens.
immune suppressor (Is) g's genes that govern the formation of suppressor T lymphocytes.
immunoglobulin g's the genes coding for immunoglobulin heavy and light chains, which are organized in three loci coding for κ light chains, λ light chains, and heavy chains.
K-ras gene a type of oncogene.
lethal gene one whose presence brings about the death of the organism or permits survival only under certain conditions.
major gene a gene whose effect on the phenotype is always evident, regardless of how this effect is modified by other genes.
mutant gene one that has undergone a detectable mutation.
operator gene one serving as a starting point for reading the genetic code, and which, through interaction with a repressor, controls the activity of structural genes associated with it in the operon.
gene pool all of the genes possessed by all of the members of a population that will reproduce.
recessive gene one that produces an effect in the organism only when it is transmitted by both parents, i.e., only when the individual is homozygous. See also heredity.
regulator gene (repressor gene) one that synthesizes repressor, a substance which, through interaction with the operator gene, switches off the activity of the structural genes associated with it in the operon.
sex-linked gene a gene carried on a sex chromosome (X or Y); only X linkage has clinical significance. See X-linked gene.
structural gene one that forms templates for messenger RNA and is thereby responsible for the amino acid sequence of specific polypeptides.
tumor suppressor gene a gene whose function is to limit cell proliferation and loss of whose function leads to cell transformation and tumor growth; called also antioncogene.
X-linked gene a gene carried on the X chromosome; the corresponding trait, whether dominant or recessive, is always expressed in males, who have only one X chromosome. the term “X-linked” is sometimes used synonymously with “sex-linked,” since no genetic disorders have as yet been associated with genes on the Y chromosome.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

mu·tant gene

a gene that has been changed from an ancestral type, not necessarily in the current generation.
See also: mutant, mutation.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

mu·tant gene

(myū'tănt jēn)
A gene that has been changed from an ancestral type, not necessarily in the current generation.
See also: mutant, mutation
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
In a study published in Genetics, the researchers reported on mutant gene Rp1-D21, a partially dominant disease-resistance gene that causes hypersensitive-response lesions to form spontaneously all over the plant--whether the pathogen is present or not.
In ALS, mutant genes produce proteins that kill nerve cells needed to move muscles.
Our study will hopefully lead to the identification of the mutant gene responsible for the HFHL and enhance our understanding of the pathophysiology of such disorders in humans.
Last week experts at Anglia Ruskin University in Cambridge predicted that black squirrels will become a more common sight in the British countryside, after a mutant gene from the grey led to the creation of a darker v ersion.
Of the 101 samples from haemoglobin AS individuals examined, 83 (82.1%) carried the wild type of the Pfcrt gene and 18 (17.9%) had the mutant gene while 24 (38.1%) mutant Pfcrt were identified from the 63 haemoglobin SS individuals studied.
He identified the mutant gene MC1R as the cause of red hair, producing varying shades from light strawberry blonde to dark auburn depending on how many genes were inherited.
The breakthrough came after scientists discovered a cow, later named Marge, carried a mutant gene in a dairy herd tested in 2001, Vialactia chief scientist Russell Snell said.
And those who want to be 'normal' are delighted when scientists working on a lab on Alcatraz Island find a cure to reverse the mutant gene.
A "cure" for the mutant gene has been discovered, forcing mutants to take sides.
Lesch-Nyhan disease is caused by a mutant gene on the X chromosome.
Eitan Kerem, managed to repair a form of the mutant gene that causes the inherited lung disease cystic fibrosis using Gentamicin, antibiotic nasal drops commonly used for eye infections.