mushroom

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mushroom

 [mush´ro̳m]
the fruiting body of any of a variety of fleshy fungi of the order Agaricales, especially one that is edible. Poisonous species are popularly called toadstools.
mushroom poisoning poisoning resulting from ingestion of mushrooms; potentially deadly mushrooms include Amanita phalloides, A. verna, A. virosa, and certain other species that contain neurotoxins. Rapid identification of mushroom poisoning and treatment is critical. According to the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition of the Food and Drug Administration, persons who have ingested poisonous mushrooms and are treated immediately have a mortality rate of 10 per cent, whereas those who are treated 60 or more hours later have a 60 to 90 per cent mortality rate.

mushroom

/mush·room/ (mush´rldbomacm) the fruiting body of certain fungi; some are edible and some are poisonous. See also .

mushroom

Etymology: ME, mucheron
the fruiting body of the fungus of the class Basidomycetes, especially edible members of the order Agaricales, commonly known as field mushrooms or meadow mushrooms. Mushrooms contain some protein and minerals, but they are composed largely of water.
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Edible mushroom Agaricus bisporus

mushroom

Drug slang
noun A regional street term for psilocybin or psilocin mushrooms.
 
Toxicology
noun A poisonous mushroom. 50 of 2000 species of mushrooms are poisonous; the major toxin is a cyclic octapeptide amanitine, a selective RNA polymerase-II inhibitor present in Amanita and Galerina species. Amanita phalloides causes most mushroom deaths; mortality is 40–90%.

Vox populi
adjective A descriptive term for a structure or appearance consisting of a terminal expansion of a cylindrical structure.

mushroom

adjective A descriptor for a thermonuclear explosion-like terminal expansion of a cylindrical structure. See Mushroom appearance, Mushroom lesion, Mushroom pattern noun Drug slang A street term for psilocybin or psilocin Toxicology 50 of 2000 species of mushrooms are poisonous; the major toxin is amanitine, a selective RNA polymerase II inhibitor present in Amanita and Galerina species; Amanita phalloides causes most mushroom deaths Mortality 40-90% Clinical Stage 1 Abrupt onset–6-24 hrs after ingestion, accompanied by abdominal pain, N&V, diarrhea, major fluid and electrolyte imbalances Stage 2 Apparent resolution, with asymptomatic renal and hepatic deterioration Stage 3 occurs by days 3-4, characterized by hepatorenal collapse, cardiomyopathy, DIC, convulsions, coma, death. See Poison mushroom, Power mushroom, Shiitake mushroom.

mushroom

the common name for the fruiting bodies of certain members of the BASIDIOMYCOTA, in the family Agaricaceae.

mushroom

the fruiting bodies of fungi of the class Basidiomycetes. See amanita, ramaria, clavaria and cortinarius.

mushroom worker's lung
an immediate, immune complex-mediated hypersensitivity pneumonitis of humans caused by inhalation of thermophilic actinomycetes in compost.
References in periodicals archive ?
The craters are not as visually striking as Darghouth's skulls and mushroom clouds, a couple of which are also exhibited in "Rehearsals," but there is something compelling about them nonetheless.
That leaves the foundation with a problem, says vice president Robert Agonia, who notes that most of the original entries used a mushroom cloud to depict the state's nuclear history, although "one had Miss Atomic Bomb of 1951, a blond bombshell.
Detecting a nuclear explosion used to be relatively easy: bright flash, big boom, mushroom cloud, lots of radioactivity.
Celebrating the day's event falls to an eclectic gathering, including a lovely dark-haired young woman named Christina, who hands out pamphlets featuring a giant mushroom cloud rising behind some sheep suspiciously spotted like Holstein cattle.
Strangelove's America, her compelling history of Cold War America, by observing how the frightening image of the mushroom cloud rising over Hiroshima and Nagasaki seemed to fade from American's consciousness as time went by.
This dramatic mushroom cloud, towering 1,000 light-years above the disk of the Milky Way, was recently discovered in the direction of the constellation Cassiopeia by a team of Canadian astronomers.
Ronald Reagan is pilloried as a Pinocchio-clone whose nose keeps growing as he tries to explain away his policies on Central America, the economy, Lebanon, the Soviet Union, and nuclear warfare, culminating in his now-monstrous nose blasting off as a missile and detonating into a mushroom cloud.
You can compare this cloud to a mushroom cloud that forms after a nuclear explosion," Grieve says.
The mushroom cloud is an iconic sight often identified with a nuclear bomb exploding.
When I see the picture of the plane coming down and think about the fireball and huge black mushroom cloud, I think how the hell did anyone get out of that?
Back in March, Mars-watchers spotted what looked like a nuclear mushroom cloud on the surface - something that could have been caused by one of these impacts.
The famous photos of the mushroom cloud over Hiroshima has cast a dark shadow into our world and certainly influenced world events over the last 70 years.