to know if the Bakkenolide is a neurotropic or musculotropic substance.
The antispasmodic effect of Bakkenolide was found in the same range as that of Alverine, a standard musculotropic spasmolytic agent.
The antispasmodic effect on smooth muscles leading to a relief from gastrointestinal symptoms including gastrointestinal discomfort and bowel disease symptoms can be achieved by two types of effective compounds: they should either have neurotropic or musculotropic
antispasmodic effects or even both.
Epidosin (Valethamate bromide) is also an antispasmodic, which helps in cervical dilation due to its neurotropic or atropine like action and musculotropic
or papaverine-like action.