The lower trapezius musculocutaneous flap
from pedicled to free flap: anatomical basis and clinical applications based on the dorsal scapular artery.
Breast reconstruction with the denervated latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap
. Breast 2013; 22: 667-672.
Fascial, fasciocutaneous, or musculocutaneous flap
can be raised in the subfascial or suprafascial plane.
Two titanium bars together with a prolene mesh overlying were fixed in the posterior-to-anterior direction to provide stability, and to support the area of the defect, an ipsilateral, latissimus dorsi, rotational musculocutaneous flap
was prepared by a plastic surgeon.
 The pectoralis major musculocutaneous flap
is commonly recruited to provide tissue from outside the field in recent times.
The latissimus dorsi muscle flap and musculocutaneous flap
remain the first options as workhorse in chest wall reconstruction.
(19), bronchopleural fistulas were obliterated using a musculocutaneous flap
of serratus anterior after de-epithelization.
A microvascular latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap
was anastomosed to the tibia artery (end-to-side) and concomitant vein and wrapped around the prosthesis to avoid dead space and allow tension-free closure.
Transaxillary-sub cl avian transfer of pedicled latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap
to head and neck region.
The purpose of this study was to examine our hypotheses that BoTA provide protection of musculocutaneous flap
from ischemia-reperfusion injury.
Pectoralis major is a superficial muscle of the anterior chest wall and can be used as either a muscle or a musculocutaneous flap
. Blood supply for the muscle pedicle is from thoracoacromial artery and vein (Thorne et.
The position of the artery deep to the majority of facial muscles suggests that the nasolabial flap may incorporate this muscle layer and be true musculocutaneous flap