congenital torticollis

(redirected from muscular torticollis)

con·gen·i·tal tor·ti·col·lis

torticollis due to a unilateral fibrous tumor in the sternocleidomastoid muscle, present at birth as a swelling that may subside or may lead to torticollis by shortening of the muscle.
A focal dystonia consisting of one-sided contracture with palpable induration of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, causing the chin to turn towards the opposite side and the head to rotate towards the lesion; wryneck is accompanied by facial muscle dysplasia
Aetiology Congenital form—unclear—possibly due to in utero or peripartum trauma to venous drainage, causing asymmetric development of the face and skull; the later it is recognised, the more likely it will require surgery
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References in periodicals archive ?
This report includes introductory information on deformational plagiocephaly (DP) and congenital muscular torticollis (CMT), current guidelines related to skull deformity and positioning, and teaching ideas for parents/caregivers of newborns.
This section discusses conditions such as juvenile idiopathic arthritis, congenital and idiopathic scoliosis, Scheuermann's disease, spondylolisthesis, congenital muscular torticollis, slipped capital femoral epiphysis, and sports injuries in children.
Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is the most frequent reason of torticollis in children.
Key Words: Congenital muscular torticollis, treatment, exercise, surgery
In this article, I address the 3 most common unintended consequences for infants perpetually placed in the supine position: developmental motor delays, plagiocephaly (flattening of the occiput) and brachycephaly (widening of the skull), and congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) (a head tilt to one side).
Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is a relatively common neck condition of infancy that appears best managed with early conservative intervention (Corradi-Scalise et al, 2006; Do, 2006; Karmel-Ross, 2006).
However, most case series report about a 5% association with developmental dysplasia of the hip, "so I recommend getting a screening ultrasound in an infant who has congenital muscular torticollis.
This is usually secondary to congenital muscular torticollis.
At the 4-month appointment, it had not changed, so the doctor referred us to a craniologist," relates Holly Cornish from Los Angeles, California, whose son was diagnosed with congenital muscular torticollis and deformational plagiocephaly at five months.
Another contributory factor is thought to be congenital muscular torticollis, which is reported to occur in one in 300 live births (13) and of which 90% are likely to develop plagiocephaly.