muscular branches

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mus·cu·lar branch·es

branches of nerves or vessels that supply muscles. Most remain unnamed. Terminologia Anatomica lists muscular branches of: 1) accessory nerve (rami musculares nervi accessorii [TA]); 2) anterior branch of obturator nerve (rami musculares rami anterioris nervi obturatorii [TA]); 3) anterior interosseous nerve (rami musculares nervi interossei antebrachii anterior [TA]); 4) axillary nerve (rami musculares nervi axillaris [TA]); 5) deep fibular nerve (rami musculares nervi fibularis profundi [TA]); 6) femoral nerve (rami musculares nervi femoralis [TA]); 7) intercostal nerves (rami musculares nervorum intercostalium [TA]); 8) median nerve (rami muscularis nervi mediani [TA]); 9) musculocutaneous nerve (rami musculares nervi musculocutanei [TA]); 10) perineal nerves (rami musculares nervorum perinealium [TA]); 11) posterior branch of obturator nerve (rami musculares rami posterioris nervi obturatorii [TA]); 12) radial nerve (rami musculares nervi radialis [TA]); 13) spinal nerve (rami musculares nervorum spinalium [TA]); 14) superficial fibular nerve (rami musculares nervi fibularis superficialis [TA]); 15) supraclavicular part of brachial plexus (rami musculares partis supraclavicularis plexus brachialis [TA]); 16) of tibial nerve (rami musculares nervi tibialis [TA]); 17) ulnar nerve (rami musculares nervi ulnaris [TA]); 18) vertebral artery (rami musculares arteriae vertebralis [TA]).
Synonym(s): rami musculares [TA]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: FIGURE 4: Left brachial artery with a short focal tapered occlusion, with likely dissection and collateral muscular branches.
The brachial artery gave rise to its branches the profunda brachii artery in its proximal part, muscular branches to the surrounding muscles.
The skin and superficial fascia were treated as one layer, and the muscle surface was exposed to minimize tissue damage and provide access to all NEPs for the obturator and femoral muscular branches. Barium sulfate combined with 801 glue was used to stain the distal 0.5 cm of the muscular nerve branches.
Pull injury, or an injury directly caused by a retractor, is easily developed in different muscular branches of the deep branch of the radial nerve in forearm superficial extensors if the extensor digitorum is separated and stretched at 6 cm, which is close to the distal side of the humeroradial joint line, because these muscular branches are delicate.
In place of the bifurcation into anterior and posterior divisions containing a mixed pattern of cutaneous and muscular branches, as described in Gray's Anatomy (Stranding), the femoral nerve divided into muscular (motor) and cutaneous (sensory) trunks in present study.
For analysis of the distributions of the muscular branches of femoral nerves that emerge along each nerve trunk in the respective antimere, we performed a circular incision in the skin of the middle third of the leg and a vertical incision in the skin of the medial side of the thigh, extending from the root of the pelvic limb to the first incision in the leg.
The variant terminated as the profunda brachii artery to the right side while on the left side it terminated in muscular branches to the triceps.
The muscular branches coming from the superior thyroid artery and suprascapular artery supply the middle and lower part of sternocleidomastoid muscle.
In the extrapelvic course of the inferior gluteal artery was observed that one of its branches, called ischiatic artery, is a long and thin vessel that is related to the ischiatic nerve; and that the internal pudendal artery in this region sends only muscular branches to irrigate the muscles of this region (Williams et al., 1979).
This division, which is called the intermediate branch in their study, generally reaches the superior edge of the muscle giving off only a couple of muscular branches and pierces the muscle and its deep fascia to supply skin (83.6%).
SUMMARY: Foot muscles are frequently affected by accidents that can involve their innervations.This is why the anatomy of the plantar nerves and the muscular branches become so important, in their morphological and chirurgic aspects.

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