muscles of mastication

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masticatory muscles

muscles derived from the first (mandibular) arch used in chewing; all receive innervation from the motor root of the trigeminal nerve via its mandibular division; includes masseter muscle, temporalis muscle, lateral pterygoid muscle, and medial pterygoid muscle.
Synonym(s): musculus masticatorii [TA], muscles of mastication, musculi masticatorii
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, it causes a range of conditions and symptoms, such as pain in the muscles of mastication and TMJ, presence of noise and joint deviation, headache, hearing disorders, sensibility all over the muscles of the cervical and stomatognathic system (2).
Muscles of mastication may play a role in stability and relapse potential following functional appliance treatment.
The study presents cooperation between physiotherapists and dentists by investigating the impact of kinesiotaping and inactivation of trigger points applied to the area of the masseter in the course of functional disorders of the muscles of mastication, with particular emphasis on pain.
[6] The concept of the structural position (SP) of the mandible was introduced by Moller [7] to characterize the position that provides an optimal functional condition for the muscles of mastication and the TMJ.
The masticator space (MS) contains muscles of mastication (medial and lateral pterygoid, masseter, and temporalis), ramus of the mandible and the third division of the cranial nerve V (Figure 10A).
Caption: Figure 4: Main muscles of mastication in (a) and boundary conditions applied to the virtual model (b).
An electromyographic study of the action of the muscles of mastication and its correlation to facial morphology," Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, Supplement, vol.
It was impossible to forcefully open her mouth as the muscles of mastication were contracting involuntarily.
Careful extraoral examination is necessary for the dental erosion patient to evaluate the temporomandibular joints and muscles of mastication [24].
It also supplies the motor control for the muscles of mastication so Dusty requires both sensory and motor testing.
Masticatory muscle myositis is an autoimmune canine myopathy causing focal inflammation of muscles of mastication including the temporalis, masseter, pterygoid and rostral digastricus, all of which are innervated by mandibular branch of trigeminal nerve (Bolfa et al., 2011; Melmed et al., 2004; Reiter and Schwarz, 2007).