muscle relaxant


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relaxant

 [re-lak´sant]
1. causing relaxation.
2. an agent that causes relaxation.
muscle relaxant an agent that specifically aids in reducing muscle tension.

mus·cle re·lax·ant

a drug with the capacity to reduce muscle tone; may be either a peripherally acting muscle relaxant such as curare and act to produce blockade at the neuromuscular junction (and thus useful in surgery), or act as a centrally acting muscle relaxant exerting its effects within the brain and spinal cord to diminish muscle tone (and thus useful in muscle spasm or spasticity).

muscle relaxant

Anesthesiology An agent used in anesthesiology to facilitate airway management, control alveolar ventilation, abolish motor reflexes, and provide the muscle relaxation. Depolarizing agents, eg succinylcholine, cause a prolonged depolarization of the motor end plate. Nondepolarizing agents, eg pancuronium, are competitive inhibitors of acetylcholine at the motor end plate See Depolarizing agent, Nondepolarizing agent.

mus·cle re·lax·ant

(mŭsĕl rĕ-laksănt)
Drug able to reduce muscle tone; may be either a peripherally acting muscle relaxant or act centrally acting.

mus·cle re·lax·ant

(mŭsĕl rĕ-laksănt)
Drug with capacity to reduce muscle tone; may be either a peripherally acting muscle relaxant such as curare and act to produce blockade at the neuromuscular junction (and thus useful in surgery), or act as a centrally acting muscle relaxant exerting its effects within the brain and spinal cord to diminish muscle tone (and thus useful in muscle spasm or spasticity).
References in periodicals archive ?
Police said they detected muscle relaxant in two of the three samples -- one of a 90-year-old woman who has since died and another from a four or five-year-old boy who suffered a sudden worsening of his condition.
With reasonable doses of non-depolarising muscle relaxant, conditions suitable for tracheal intubation cannot be achieved in less than 2-3 minutes and the onset time required for the development of their maximal effect is 5-6 minutes.
Because of reflex muscle spasm, muscle relaxants are frequently used either alone or in combination with analgesics.
Ilya Bezprozvanny and his tested Dantrolene, a muscle relaxant that works by stabilizing calcium signalling, and showed that this drug could prevent calcium-dependent toxicity in laboratory grown neurons.
Thus, the analgesic and muscle relaxant activities of eperisone resulted in a lower rigidity of the low back and an improved motility of the patients.
This report describes the use of a PLMA during thymectomy without the administration of muscle relaxant. A 68-year-old, 56 kg female with a thymoma measuring 2.3 x 1.8 x 2.7 cm and ocular myasthenia was scheduled for thymectomy.
The court ruled that the patient's death from asphyxiation was caused by the muscle relaxant and that his family had not asked for the discontinuance of medical treatment.
During Mrs Aru's eight-day trial, the court heard that instead of administering a sedative, she picked up a syringe containing the muscle relaxant Vecuronium and injected him.
He became restless but instead of administering a sedative, Nurse Rose Aru,after consulting with Nurse Lynne Maguire,gave him the muscle relaxant Vecuronium.
Sunburned Spence suffered again when Nana put a muscle relaxant on his face instead of aftersun.
Five-month-old Aaron Savage, who has deformed lungs, was given a dose of muscle relaxant to widen his air passages during an operation at Liverpool's Alder Hey Hospital.
At a separate inquiry, Martin Wilesmith was fined pounds 600 and All Weather was disqualified from second in the Peter Hamer Memorial Hunters' Chase at Newbury on March 5 after the gelding's urine sample showed evidence of guaifenesin, a muscle relaxant and cough mixture ingredient.