muscle dysmorphia


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A specific type of body dysmorphic disorder in which a person—usually male, average age 20—becomes obsessed with building muscle to the point where it impacts on his/her interactions with others, employment and his self-image. It is regarded as a treatment-resistant mental disorder, which typically occurs in bodybuilders who, while very muscular and physically fit, see a '97-pound weakling' in the mirror
Risk factors Bullying during primary, secondary school, family dysfunction, perfectionism, severe stress, aesthetic focus and negative influence of mass culture that promotes an idealised Arnold Schwarzenegger-type body
Management Antidepressants

muscle dysmorphia

Sports medicine A mental disorder seen in bodybuilders who, although very muscular and physically fit, still see the proverbial “90-pound weakling” when viewing themselves in the mirror Management Antidepressants. Cf Anorexia nervosa.

muscle dysmorphia

, muscle dysmorphic disorder
A body image disorder principally experienced by males, characterized by excessive fear about one's body size, esp. a concern that one's muscles are not large enough. Boys affected by muscle dysmorphia often take drugs, e.g., androgenic or anabolic steroids, to increase their body size. The syndrome is also known colloquially as bigorexia or vigorexia.
Synonym: reverse anorexia See: body dysmorphic disorder

Muscle dysmorphia

A subtype of BDD, described as excessive preoccupation with muscularity and body building to the point of interference with social, educational, or occupational functioning.
References in periodicals archive ?
This, in turn, causes dissatisfaction with both body muscularity and body fat, leading to consequent development of thinness- and muscularity-focused pathology, include eating disorders (Ricciardelli & McCabe, 2004), muscle dysmorphia (Murray et al.
Paradoxically, some men feel they have to slim down but others want to bulk up - a condition called muscle dysmorphia.
Muscle dysmorphia symptoms and their relationships to self-concept and negative affect among college recreational exercisers.
Cultural Adaptation of the Peruvian Version of the Muscle Appearance Satisfaction Scale (MASS) for Muscle Dysmorphia
Introduction: Muscle dysmorphia is a psychological disorder characterized by obsessive concern for the physical and body image distortion.
While anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and eating disorder not otherwise specified are the most frequent disorders in women (Hudson, Hiripi, Pope, & Kessler, 2007), muscle dysmorphia or bigorexia is generally found in men (Pope, Gruber, Choi, Olivardia, & Phillips, 1997).
Muscle dysmorphia risk goers academies from downtown Sao Paulo
It should also be noted that dissatisfaction with muscularity is a concern among individuals with muscle dysmorphia, a very specific type of body dysmorphic disorder characterised by a fear of being too small and by perceiving oneself as small and weak even when one is actually large and muscular (3,6).
A disturbing report shows 320,000 men were admitted to hospital suffering with bulimia, anorexia and muscle dysmorphia last year- up 63 per cent in the past five years.
Characteristics of muscle dysmorphia in male football, weight training, and competitive natural and non-natural bodybuilding samples.
Muscle dysmorphia is a body image disorder in which the affected individual perceives himself with less muscle mass than he/she actually has (Pope, Katz, & Hudson, 1993).