muscle cramp

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muscle cramp

a sudden intermittent pain in almost any part of the body. It may involve involuntary contractions of variable duration and be accompanied by spasms. Cramps may develop in striated muscle as a result of exertion, high temperature, and excessive loss of sodium, potassium, and magnesium through perspiration. Cramps can also be associated with arthritic conditions and exposure to cold. See also heat cramp.

muscle cramp

A painful, involuntary muscle contraction. It may be due to ischemia of the muscle(s), dehydration, or electrolyte imbalance.

Cramps associated with exercise may be alleviated, if not abolished, by flexing (stretching) the involved muscle group. At the same time, gentle massage to the area will help. Quinine, methocarbamol, chloroquine, and other drugs may help to relieve recurring or unrelenting muscle cramps.

Active muscle cramps, an unwanted tonic contraction that accompanies a voluntary muscle contraction, occur when the muscle is already in its most shortened position.

See also: cramp

Patient discussion about muscle cramp

Q. What are muscle cramps caused from? I am a 30 year old woman and am pregnant. I keep on getting a muscle cramps on the back on my lower leg. It really hurts! What is causing it and how can I prevent it?

A. You can get muscle cramps almost anywhere in your body during pregnancy, but the most common site is your calves. Although the spasms may only last a short time, they can be very severe.
No one knows for certain what causes leg cramps in pregnancy, though there are some theories: Deficiencies in salt, calcium, magnesium and vitamin C or changes in blood circulation.
To prevent it make sure to stretch your muscles before bed and if you do get a cramp, immediately stretch your calf muscles: Straighten your leg, heel first, and gently flex your toes back toward your shins. It might hurt at first, but it will ease the spasm and the pain will gradually go away.

Q. What causes cramps in, under and around the rib cage?

A. Im not really sure, but you may have IBS. Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS affects up to 55 million Americans, mostly women. IBS causes are unknown. IBS symptoms include diarrhea, constipation, and abdominal cramps. There are IBS treatments such as diet and lifestyle changes and medications that can help. Do you have any of these symptoms? Almost everything that i found with rib cage pain said something about IBS. Not really sure if this is your problem, but I hope this helps.

Q. How to prevent leg cramps? Every night I get terrible leg cramps that wake me up from my sleep. This only started happening during my pregnancy. How can I stop it from happening?

A. You can try to prevent night cramps by wearing socks to bed or by pressing your foot against the bed board. If the painful cramps continue, ask your doctor about calcium or magnesium supplements as they can sometimes help.

More discussions about muscle cramp
References in periodicals archive ?
Persisting muscle cramps can require blood testing and an evaluation by a neurologist.
Carnitine deficiency is felt to contribute to the pathophysiology of muscle cramps, which has led to several studies of its effect on cramps.
Assessment: symptomatic treatment for muscle cramps (an evidence-based review): report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology (Neurology 2010;74:691-6).
Body fluid lost as sweat can be replaced by water, but sports drinks also replenish electrolytes like sodium and potassium--which are important for preventing muscle cramps," says Ashley Doyle-Lucas, a nutritionist who works with dancers.
Symptoms of heat exhaustion include: nausea, vomiting, fatigue, weakness, headache, muscle cramps and aches, and dizziness.
THERE are reports that long term use of creatine can lead to kidney problems, hypertension, stomach cramps, and muscle cramps, but research on the matter is still inconclusive.
FROM THE 18 MILLION SENIORS WHO SUFFER WITH DAILY MUSCLE CRAMPS to the estimated 30 million weekend warriors, aches and pains are a part of life.
Although mild side effects such as muscle cramps or headache can occur in some cases, WHO has said that the vaccine is safe.
The second section addresses common complaints such as muscle cramps, and provides guidance on how to address to needs of athletes who are vegetarians, diabetic, hypoglycemic, allergic, and those who must fast for religious reasons.
But Kadeer's effort - he had to bat with a runner after suffering muscle cramps - proved in vain as Gloucestershire failed to beat Hampshire.
Donat Mg is claimed to alleviate muscle cramps, premenstrual tension and kidney stones thanks to its high magnesium content.
The other benefits of compression-wear are preventing muscle cramps and helps with blood flow.