The students' verbal descriptions showed that they understood multiplication, making multiple groups of each component of the multiplicand
(e.g., the tens and ones within the top number).
Study 1 employed multiplicands
as test stimuli, and thus Study 2 was undertaken to examine how the two types of immediate feedback promote the learning of simple fact series for the mathematical operations of addition, subtraction, and division.
Out of the 94/100th, 42/100th is allocated to equalization for the cantons with indices of capacity lower than 100 (an exponential formula is employed with total cantonal expenditures on roads serving as a multiplicand
The accompanying number sentence associated with this problem is 4 x 6, where 4 is the number of legs on each cat (the multiplicand
) and 6 is the number of cats (the multiplier), with 24 as the total number of legs on the cats (the product).
Similarly, Borges creates yet another reflection upon mirroring and fatherhood in "Hakim, The Masked Dyer of Merv," which serves as a precursor to the "Tlon" quotations: "Los espejos y la paternidad son abominables, porque la multiplicand
y afirman." "Mirrors and paternity are abominable because they multiply and affirm it." (41)
In arithmetic, a multiplier works on a multiplicand
, to generate a new result.
I also observed several students making patterns in their notebooks as they used 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 for the multiplicand
and corresponding divisor [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 4 OMITTED].
As to the multiplicand
in the development capacity, the diversity of a finite total flow can increase either through greater evenness among the individual flows or by finer partitioning into an ever larger number of constituent flows.
There is a simple mathematical way to represent such a procedure--multiplication: The bigger (smaller) the multiplicand
, the bigger (smaller) it makes the product.
In both cases, we have brought the multiplicand
inside the parentheses.
These values are the numerator for the "rescaling." The denominator varies across issues; it is based on the presumption that subjects will use the entire 1 through 7 range of the attitude scale (and hence the first multiplicand
is -3 or +3 at its extreme.
, (a + I), came to be termed "autonomous" spending, i.e., spending not dependent on the level of income.