Effect of grand multiparity
on intrapartum and newborn complications in young.
22 However, history of macrocosmia has been considered and argued as a risk factor for GDM recently as macrocosmia might have other causes such as some genetic factors, multiparity
, obesity and excessive weight gain during pregnancy.
In turn, the protective effect of a caesarean delivery against UI may dissipate with multiparity
Chlamydia and herpes simplex virus), multiparity
, vaginal infection, malnutrition, chronic inflammation, immunosuppressive conditions including HIV infection, and parity(5, 10, 18, 26-28).
Following Panchal, Arria, and Labhsetwar (2001), we constructed measures of comorbidities related to obstetrical patients (maternal infection, maternal diabetes, maternal obesity, fetal problems affecting mother, grand multiparity
, elderly primagravida or multigravida, abnormal fetal heart rate or rhythm, uterine rupture, obstructed labor, long labor, umbilical cord complication, other maternal complications, and insufficient prenatal care) that might affect the need for anesthesia or risk of complication.
Climate and diet could be important factors affecting multiparity
Other factors to be considered in explaining racial differences include late menarche, early first birth, multiparity
, low HRT usage and a diet typically low in fat.
An association was found between grand multiparity
and maternal mortality, but the MH2000 form does not collect data on other socio-cultural factors such as literacy, employment status, socio-economic status or early marriage.
The greatest risk factors include anything that may cause scarring of the endometrial cavity, such as grand multiparity
, previous cesarean delivery, uterine curettage, myomectomy and Asherman syndrome (a disease that causes intrauterine adhesions).
Risk factors for developing PPCM include increased maternal age, twin gestation, multiparity
, preeclampsia and gestational hypertension, use of tocolytic therapy, and black race.
In African societies, the desire by men to have many children and women to validate their marriage through multiparity
, have been implicated in the spread of this contagion (Moyo and Mbizvo, 2004).
But they also noted that their findings are in accord with those from earlier studies suggesting a link between low birth weight and various mental disorders, as well as between maternal education level and attempted suicide; teenage motherhood and attempted and completed suicide; and multiparity
of at least four and major suicide risk factors.