multinodular goiter


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia.
Related to multinodular goiter: toxic multinodular goiter

goiter

 [goi´ter]
enlargement of the thyroid gland, causing a swelling in the front part of the neck; called also struma. adj., adj goit´rous. If there is evidence of pressure against the throat, or the possibility of a malignancy, the goiter may be removed surgically. Simple endemic goiter is usually caused by lack of iodine in the diet. In graves' disease, goiter is accompanied by excessive thyroid hormones in the blood and symptoms of hyperthyroidism.
aberrant goiter goiter of a supernumerary thyroid gland.
adenomatous goiter that caused by adenoma or multiple colloid nodules of the thyroid gland.
Basedow goiter a colloid goiter that has become hyperfunctioning after administration of iodine.
colloid goiter one that is large and soft and has distended spaces filled with colloid.
cystic goiter one with cysts formed by mucoid or colloid degeneration.
diffuse toxic goiter exophthalmic goiter.
endemic goiter goiter occurring widely in a geographic region where the food or water is deficient in iodine. Treatment consists of iodine replacement; although this will not cure the condition, it can stop it from enlarging, and iodine administered in advance will prevent development of goiter.
exophthalmic goiter any type accompanied by exophthalmos.
fibrous goiter goiter in which the thyroid capsule and stroma are hyperplastic.
follicular goiter parenchymatous goiter.
intrathoracic goiter one with part of the enlarged gland in the thoracic cavity.
iodide goiter that occurring in reaction to iodides at high concentrations, due to inhibition of iodide organification.
multinodular goiter one with circumscribed nodules within the gland.
nontoxic goiter that occurring sporadically and not associated with hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.
parenchymatous goiter one with increase in follicles and proliferation of epithelium.
perivascular goiter one that surrounds a large blood vessel.
retrovascular goiter one with processes behind a large blood vessel.
substernal goiter one whose lower part lies beneath the sternum.
suffocative goiter one that causes dyspnea due to pressure.
toxic multinodular goiter hyperthyroidism arising in a multinodular goiter, usually of long standing.
vascular goiter one due chiefly to dilatation of the blood vessels of the thyroid gland.

mul·ti·nod·u·lar goi·ter

adenomatous goiter with several colloid nodules.

mul·ti·nod·u·lar goi·ter

(mŭl'tē-nod'yū-lăr goy'těr)
Adenomatous goiter with several colloid nodules.

multinodular goiter

A goiter having many circumscribed nodules.
See also: goiter
References in periodicals archive ?
We performed a retrospective study of 223 patients--47 males and 176 females, aged 15 to 90 years (mean: 53), most of whom were Asian--with a multinodular goiter who had undergone a thyroidectomy over a period of more than 10 years in our Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.
Prospective study of postoperative complications after total thyroidectomy for multinodular goiters by surgeons with experience in endocrine surgery," Ann Surg, Vol.
A 33 - year - old, single, Saudi female referred to endocrinology unit in this hospital with history of multinodular goiter for the past 7 years which had increased in size the past month.
Inclusion criteria: Clinical, biochemical and scintigraphic confirmation of hyperthyroidism as Graves' disease, toxic multinodular goiter and autonomous toxic nodule.
Multinodular goiter presenting as aretropharyngeal mass: a case report.
Chang, "Carcinoma in Multinodular Goiter," British Journal of Surgery 79 (1992): 266-267.
Diagnoses included multinodular goiter in 3 patients and cancer in 7 patients.
Individuals suffering from multinodular goiter or subclinical hypothyroidism have a slight risk of developing Graves' disease.
The elderly are at more risk because they have a higher incidence of multinodular goiter.
An example is a large multinodular goiter with autonomous function.
That possibility is especially provocative, bullock says, because the human disease that feline hyperthyroidism most resembles -- the relatively rare toxic multinodular goiter -- is initiated by the development of antibodies that mimic the activity of the hormone that controls thyroid activity.