Mud

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Drug slang A regionally popular street term for opium or heroin
Molecular biology A defective derivative of phage Mu; mud insertions are used to construct operon and gene fusions in enteric bacteria
Vox populi A popular term for very strong coffee or espresso

donor

(do'nor) [Fr. doneur fr L. donator, giver, donor]
1. A person or animal that furnishes blood, tissue, or an organ to be used in another person.
2. In chemistry, a compound that frees part of itself to unite with another compound called an acceptor.

artificial insemination donor

Abbreviation: AID
A male who provides sperm to be used to fertilize a woman seeking to become pregnant.

blood donor

One who gives blood (or its components) to be used for transfusion.

cadaveric donor

One who donates an organ or tissue after his or her death.

directed donor

A family member, friend, or significant other who gives blood, an organ, or tissue to another person to support a vital function or prevent death.

HLA-mismatched related donor

Mismatched related donor.

human leukocyte antigen matched unrelated donor

Matched unrelated donor.

hydrogen donor

In oxidation-reduction reactions, a substance that gives up hydrogen atoms to another substance, the acceptor.
See: hydrogen acceptor

living donor

One who donates an organ or tissue while he or she is still living. Living donors must be healthy and antigenically matched to the recipient.

matched unrelated donor

Abbreviation: MUD
One who donates an organ or tissue (such as bone marrow stem cells) to another person with human leukocyte antigens identical to those of the organ recipient.
Synonym: human leukocyte antigen matched unrelated donor

mismatched related donor

Abbreviation: MMRD
An organ or tissue donor who is a family member of the organ recipient but whose human leukocyte antigens are not identical to those of the recipient. In general in organ transplantation, organ and recipient survival are highest when the donor and the recipient share the same HLA antigens.
Synonym: HLA-mismatched related donor

nondirected donor

A person who donates blood, an organ, or tissue to the community at large and is unknown to the recipient.

related HLA-identical donor

Related identical donor.

related identical donor

Abbreviation: RID
A family member who donates an organ or tissue (such as a kidney or bone marrow stem cells) to another family member who shares perfectly matched human leukocyte antigens. Organ transplantations from RIDs have higher success rates than transplants obtained from mismatched related donors (MMRDs) or from matched unrelated donors (MUDs).
Synonym: related HLA-identical donor

universal donor

A person who has group O red blood cells. In a life-threatening emergency this person's cells can be transfused into any patient in need of red blood cells.

matched unrelated donor

Abbreviation: MUD
One who donates an organ or tissue (such as bone marrow stem cells) to another person with human leukocyte antigens identical to those of the organ recipient.
Synonym: human leukocyte antigen matched unrelated donor
See also: donor
References in periodicals archive ?
Moxon [11], Whitlow and Richard [12], and Strachan [13] researched the causes of gold ore tailing dam break in Spain, Zambia, and America and presented some postbreak remedy methods, whereas, the studies on the red mud tailing reservoir are few at present, especially in respect of stockpile stability.
The Texas Tribune analyzed the Texas Ethics Commission's "Form 1295" database - which reveals business contracts between state politicians and political subdivisions, including MUDs - and found that since Texas began requiring those disclosures in January 2016, Bell's businesses have signed 33 contracts with 18 different local utility districts, mostly in the Houston area.
Basic formation of the Russian school of mud cure has occurred in Soviet period.
This mud-coated kid recently took part in Westland, Michigan's annual "Mud Day."
Mud baths have been known and used for thousands of years, but their mechanism is not fully understood.
POLY PLUS: A liquid polymer designed to provide cuttings encapsulation, shale stabilization, boost mud viscosity and improve overall mud lubricity.
Big muds of small bonefish aren't that common around Greater Miami and the Keys, but are the mainstay of many bonefishing operations throughout The Bahamas.
The red muds were analysed for oxalate- and DCB-extractable Fe and Al, pH, EC, elemental analysis, and by random powder XRD by the same methods used for the soils.
The conventional muds become pollutants when they are disposed of, Dr Tan told Ecos.
Some MUDS allow participants to adopt role-playing personas, while others require the use of real identities, and some are wholly game environments, whereas others have serious purposes.
For instance, the canister's descent through the mud and the waste's radioactive heat might render the isotopes more mobile.
Bulk samples of the 12 soils were thoroughly mixed with the 3 red muds at rates equivalent to 0, 2.5, 5, 10, 20, and 40 t/ha; duplicate subsamples of 20 g were weighed into 120-mL screw-top vials and wetted to ~35% water content [treatments D (dry incubation) and W (wet incubation)].