Mud

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Drug slang A regionally popular street term for opium or heroin
Molecular biology A defective derivative of phage Mu; mud insertions are used to construct operon and gene fusions in enteric bacteria
Vox populi A popular term for very strong coffee or espresso

donor

(do'nor) [Fr. doneur fr L. donator, giver, donor]
1. A person or animal that furnishes blood, tissue, or an organ to be used in another person.
2. In chemistry, a compound that frees part of itself to unite with another compound called an acceptor.

artificial insemination donor

Abbreviation: AID
A male who provides sperm to be used to fertilize a woman seeking to become pregnant.

blood donor

One who gives blood (or its components) to be used for transfusion.

cadaveric donor

One who donates an organ or tissue after his or her death.

directed donor

A family member, friend, or significant other who gives blood, an organ, or tissue to another person to support a vital function or prevent death.

HLA-mismatched related donor

Mismatched related donor.

human leukocyte antigen matched unrelated donor

Matched unrelated donor.

hydrogen donor

In oxidation-reduction reactions, a substance that gives up hydrogen atoms to another substance, the acceptor.
See: hydrogen acceptor

living donor

One who donates an organ or tissue while he or she is still living. Living donors must be healthy and antigenically matched to the recipient.

matched unrelated donor

Abbreviation: MUD
One who donates an organ or tissue (such as bone marrow stem cells) to another person with human leukocyte antigens identical to those of the organ recipient.
Synonym: human leukocyte antigen matched unrelated donor

mismatched related donor

Abbreviation: MMRD
An organ or tissue donor who is a family member of the organ recipient but whose human leukocyte antigens are not identical to those of the recipient. In general in organ transplantation, organ and recipient survival are highest when the donor and the recipient share the same HLA antigens.
Synonym: HLA-mismatched related donor

nondirected donor

A person who donates blood, an organ, or tissue to the community at large and is unknown to the recipient.

related HLA-identical donor

Related identical donor.

related identical donor

Abbreviation: RID
A family member who donates an organ or tissue (such as a kidney or bone marrow stem cells) to another family member who shares perfectly matched human leukocyte antigens. Organ transplantations from RIDs have higher success rates than transplants obtained from mismatched related donors (MMRDs) or from matched unrelated donors (MUDs).
Synonym: related HLA-identical donor

universal donor

A person who has group O red blood cells. In a life-threatening emergency this person's cells can be transfused into any patient in need of red blood cells.

matched unrelated donor

Abbreviation: MUD
One who donates an organ or tissue (such as bone marrow stem cells) to another person with human leukocyte antigens identical to those of the organ recipient.
Synonym: human leukocyte antigen matched unrelated donor
See also: donor
References in periodicals archive ?
Tough Mudder rejected requests to refund registration fees, instead offering to apply those fees to another 2014 or 2015 event.
World's Toughest Mudder brings the top talent in obstacle course racing to one muddy course with a single goal in mind - becoming the toughest mudder in the world.
It has been a challenging week with all the rains and the flooding, but the event that they put on this weekend has been fantastic, and I see that the participants are all having a great time," said Tough Mudder Senior Operations Manager for International Events Nathan Bassett.
Speaking about getting the Tough Mudder to Muscat, Nic Cartwright, managing director of Sabco Sports, said, 'Obstacle race is a fast-growing sport and people in Oman like obstacle races.'
You'll test your strength, stamina, and grit, and you'll help the Mudders around you to do the same.
For mudders (and mudders-to-be), one must be tough or must train to be tough.
"This is the first time that Tough Mudder will be in the Philippines and it's not just about being tough, it's also about teamwork and determination," said Proactive COO Justine Cordero, who joined Proactive Sports president Julius Em, Proactive's Mike Yung, Tough Mudder operations manager Nathan Bassett, and Pilipinas Obstacle Sports Federation president Alberto Agra in the launch.Organizers and officials reiterated that Tough Mudder is not a competition or a race but rather a challenge to participants to conquer the odds and finish the course.
| Chris Hood after completing the Tough Mudder challenge
HIS was the moment a man completed a Tough Mudder challenge - in an adapted wheelchair.
"Ruff Mudder" events are taking place nationwide to raise money for Battersea Dogs and Cats Home.
Last weekend, she took the time to join Tough Mudder, an event that tests a person's endurance through a series of hardcore mile-long obstacle courses.
Tough Mudder, which is to take place here in July, is designed to test physical strength and mental grit.