layer

(redirected from mucus layer)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to mucus layer: mucosa, Mucous lining

layer

 [la´er]
a thin, flat plate or stratum of a composite structure; called also lamina.
ameloblastic layer the inner layer of cells of the enamel organ, which forms the enamel prisms of the teeth.
abrasion layer a protective covering of gelatin enclosing an emulsion on x-ray film; called also overcoat.
bacillary layer layer of rods and cones.
basal layer of endometrium the deepest layer of the uterine endometrium; it provides the regenerative endometrium after menstrual loss of the functional layer.
basal layer of epidermis stratum basale.
blastodermic layer germ layer.
clear layer stratum lucidum.
columnar layer mantle layer.
compact layer of endometrium a sublayer of the functional layer of endometrium, which faces the lumen of the uterus and contains the necks of the uterine glands.
enamel layer the outermost layer of cells of the enamel organ.
functional layer of endometrium the layer of endometrium facing the lumen of the uterus; its cells are cast off at menstruation and childbirth. Sublayers are the compact layer and the spongy layer. It is known as the decidua during pregnancy.
ganglionic layer of cerebellum the thin middle gray layer of the cortex of the cerebellum, consisting of a single layer of Purkinje cells.
germ layer (germ cell layer) any of the three primary layers of cells formed in the early development of the embryo (ectoderm, entoderm, and mesoderm), from which the organs and tissues develop.
germinative layer stratum germinativum.
granular layer
2. the deep layer of the cortex of the cerebellum.
3. the layer of follicle cells lining the theca of the vesicular ovarian follicle.
half-value layer the thickness of a given substance which, when introduced in the path of a given beam of rays, will reduce its intensity by one half.
Henle's layer the outermost layer of the inner root sheath of the hair follicle.
horny layer
2. the outer, compact layer of the nail.
malpighian layer stratum germinativum.
mantle layer the middle layer of the wall of the primordial neural tube, containing primordial nerve cells and later forming the gray matter of the central nervous system.
nervous layer all of the retina except the pigment layer; the inner layer of the optic cup.
odontoblastic layer the epithelioid layer of odontoblasts in contact with the dentin of teeth.
Ollier's layer the innermost layer of the periosteum.
prickle-cell layer stratum spinosum.
layer of rods and cones the layer of the nervous part of the retina, located between the pigmented part and the external limiting membrane, containing the sensory elements, the rods and cones.
spinous layer stratum spinosum.
spongy layer of endometrium a sublayer of the functional layer of endometrium, underlying the compact layer and containing the tortuous portions of the uterine glands.
subendocardial layer the layer of loose fibrous tissue uniting the endocardium and myocardium.
subepicardial layer the layer of loose connective tissue uniting the epicardium and myocardium.
zonal layer of thalamus a layer of myelinated fibers covering the dorsal surface of the thalamus.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

lay·er

(lā'ĕr), [TA]
A sheet of one substance's lying on another and distinguishable from it by a difference in texture or color or by not being continuous with it.
See also: stratum, lamina.
Synonym(s): panniculus
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

lay·er

(lā'ĕr) [TA]
A sheet of one substance lying on another and distinguished from it by a difference in texture or color or by not being continuous with it.
See also: stratum, lamina
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

layer

A sheet of one thickness lying over or under another and distinguished from it by a difference in composition or colour.
Bowman's layer Thin layer of the cornea (about 12 μm) located between the anterior stratified epithelium and the stroma. This layer is acellular; it is a modified superficial stromal layer found only in primates. It is composed of a randomly orientated array of fine collagen fibrils, primarily of collagen types I, III and V. Syn. anterior limiting layer; Bowman's membrane; lamina elastic anterior.
layer of Chievitz, transient A temporary layer found in the developing embryonic retina lying between the inner neuroblastic layer (which will form the ganglion, amacrine and Mueller cells) and the outer neuroblastic layer (which will form the bipolar, horizontal and photoreceptor cells). It contains the inner processes of Mueller's fibres.
Haller's layer An outer layer of the choroid lying between Sattler's layer and the suprachoroid. It contains connective tissue and large vessels, mainly veins.
layer of Henle, fibre Located in the macular region, it is formed by the cone and rod fibres that run parallel to the retinal surface within the outer molecular layer of the retina. See Haidinger's brushes; macular star.
retinal layer's See retina.
Sattler's layer An inner layer of the choroid lying between the choriocapillaris and Haller's layer. It contains small blood vessels.
Millodot: Dictionary of Optometry and Visual Science, 7th edition. © 2009 Butterworth-Heinemann

lay·er

(lā'ĕr) [TA]
A sheet of one substance's lying on another and distinguishable from it by a difference in texture or color or by not being continuous with it.
See also: stratum, lamina
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
(TFF3 and RELM[beta] were expressed) in the intestine recently were reported to have markedly deficient mucus layers with increased permeability and enhanced bacterial adhesion to the mucosal cell surfaces.
As the first line of defense against pathogenic organisms within the intestinal lumen, the mucus layer and its alteration by alcohol exposure are of particular research interest.
We postulated that there is an involvement of NP-SH effect in maintaining mucus layer integrity as part of the hypothesized mechanism of gastric mucosal protection by PA.
Gaskins, "Microbial modulation of innate defense: goblet cells and the intestinal mucus layer," American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol.
Bioptates of colon mucosa were stained by haematoxylineosin and alcian blue at pH 1.0 and 2.5 to determine sulfated and nonsulfated glucosaminoglycans and glycoproteins and goblet cells in the colon mucus layer. To characterize the mucus production the PAS reaction was performed.
The Intestinal Mucus Layer as a Protective Barrier for the Host against Bacteria.
The crystal structure gives insight into the type of receptors likely to be recognized by the bacteria in the mucus layer. In addition, the knowledge of three-dimensional structure may help to identify proteins with similar functions which may not be identifiable based on gene sequence only.
(41) Another strand of exploration of the hydration effect has considered the effects of surface hydration at two histological sites, first at the sol layer, and also at the mucus layer of the vocal fold.
A sampling of topics includes competitive and cooperative interactions in the respiratory microflora; the role of the mucus layer in the bacterial colonization of the intestine; and host response to urinary tract infection.
QPX, code for 'quahog parasite unknown', spreads from clam to clam by secreting a thick mucus layer to insulate itself from the clam's immune system.
The mucus layer is important in conditioning the inhaled air and provides a sticky surface for the entrapment of inhaled particles and gases.
The mucus layer is also important to the gut lining as it provides lubrication and protects the gut from enzymatic acid and toxin attack, provides food for several microbial species, helps remove microorganisms and further serves as an antioxidant (Kohen and others 1993; Satchithanandan and others 1996).