mucopolysaccharide


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mucopolysaccharide

 [mu″ko-pol″ĭ-sak´ah-rīd]
a group of polysaccharides that contain hexosamine, that may or may not be combined with protein and that, dispersed in water, form many of the mucins.

mu·co·pol·y·sac·cha·ride

(myū'kō-pol'ē-sak'ă-rīd),
General term for a protein-polysaccharide complex obtained from proteoglycans and containing as much as 95% polysaccharide; mucopolysaccharides include the blood group substances. A more modern term is glycosaminoglycan, because all of the known six classes contain major amounts of d-glucosamine and d-galactosamine.

mucopolysaccharide

(myo͞o′kō-pŏl′ē-săk′ə-rīd′)

mu·co·pol·y·sac·cha·ride

(myū'kō-pol'ē-sak'ă-rīd)
General term for a protein-polysaccharide complex obtained from proteoglycans and containing as much as 95% polysaccharide; mucopolysaccharides include the blood group substances. A more current term is glycosaminoglycan.

mucopolysaccharide

POLYSACCHARIDEs containing amino sugars or that are polymers of MONOSACCHARIDES in which one of the -OH groups is replaced by an NH2 group. Mucopolysaccharides are important structural materials in the body forming the ground substance of many connective tissues in which fibrous proteins are embedded. Now more commonly called glycosaminoglycans.

mucopolysaccharide

any polysaccharide, such as hyaluronic acid or heparin, that contains either an amino sugar or a derivative. Also called glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Often GAGs are found covalently bound to core proteins forming proteoglycans.

Mucopolysaccharide

A complex molecule made of smaller sugar molecules strung together to form a chain. Found in mucous secretions and intercellular spaces.
Mentioned in: Mucopolysaccharidoses

mu·co·pol·y·sac·cha·ride

(myū'kō-pol'ē-sak'ă-rīd)
General term for a protein-polysaccharide complex obtained from proteoglycans and containing as much as 95% polysaccharide.

Patient discussion about mucopolysaccharide

Q. Does GAG really help? My mother suffers from osteoarthritis, and after taking a lot of pain-killers someone offered us to try glycosaminoglycans. Does it really help? It’s quite expensive….

A. As far as I know it wasn’t proved in well-controlled trials to benefit the patients over placebo, so if it’s a consideration for you, I’m not sure it justifies the price. However, I’m only a lay-man, so consulting a professional (i.e. a doctor) is better.

More discussions about mucopolysaccharide
References in periodicals archive ?
Histochemical studies also revealed that deposition of collagen, elastin, reticulin fibers along with mucopolysaccharide was more in laser irradiated group as compared to control group calves.
The demonstration of the individual mucopolysaccharides in human aortas, coronary arteries and cerebral arteries.
The stored mucopolysaccharide substance is finely granular to flocculent and moderately electrondense, whereas the lipid material appears as osmiophilic multilamellar bodies or fragments of membrane-like material.
The money is divided equally between Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity, the Cystic Fibrosis Trust, the Primary Immunodeficiency Association, the Chronic Granulomatous Disorder Research Trust, and the Mucopolysaccharide Diseases Society.
A friendship was formed and Sissi, along with advocate and San Fillipo parent Les Scheaffer of the MPS are tutoring the Senator to champion unfolding pediatric disease research initiatives and earmark increased funding at the NIH for mucopolysaccharide research.
Mucopolysaccharides are long chains of sugar molecules used to build connective tissue in the body.
THE Browns are now in touch with the Society for Mucopolysaccharide Diseases, which gives them vital support so that they do not feel completely isolated with their trauma.
Christine Lavery of the Society of Mucopolysaccharide diseases - of which Sanfilippo is one - said: "Because it is often not diagnosed until the ages of three and four, many families have by that time already had more affected children.
According to the report, the mucopolysaccharide HA was first identified in the 1930s as residing throughout body tissues and intracellular fluids, contributing to cell health and regeneration, particularly in the maintenance of moisture levels.
Daniel Singh was believed to be the only person in Coventry with mucopolysaccharide (MPS), a condition caused by a missing enzyme which affects just one in 100,000 boys.
Stout in 1948 as "tumors occasionally composed of spindle-shaped cells set in a myxoid stroma containing mucopolysaccharide".
Elaine and Barbara are also urging people to get involved in the Society for Mucopolysaccharide Diseases' first awareness day on Tuesday, to highlight illnesses including Hunter syndrome.