motor neurons


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Motor neurons

Nerve cells that transmit signals from the brain or spinal cord to the muscles.
Mentioned in: Electromyography

motor neurons,

n.pl nerve cells that convey movement impulses that stimulate or inhibit muscles or glands.
References in periodicals archive ?
Once early-stage motor neurons and glia diverged, they have very different properties.
The new technique makes it possible to study motor neurons of the human central nervous system in the lab.
These results revealed that cerebral infarction could cause spinal motor neurons abnormalities, and loss of functional anterior motor neurons.
Subcommittee on Motor Neuron Diseases/Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis of the World Ferderation of Neurology Research Group on Neuromuscular Diseases and the El Escorial Clinical limits of amyotrophic Lateral sclerosis workshop contributors.
Greensmith's team is also exploring ways to ensure that the implanted motor neurons stay put.
He said that they then built a survival gene into them, which helps the stem-cell motor neurons to stay alive when they are transplanted inside the injured nerve and allows them to grow to connect to muscle.
This will allow us to look for therapies affecting not just motor neurons but also oligodendrocytes," says Lucie Bruijn, PhD, chief scientist, ALS Association.
ALS affects motor neurons arising from the brain, brainstem, and spinal cord.
Additional studies also showed that NADPH oxidase-derived oxidative products also damaged proteins including insulin-like growth factor 1 receptors located on motor neurons.
As these motor neurons degenerate, their ability to send impulses to the muscle fibers is compromised.
Jessell's earlier research established that certain Hox proteins control the differentiation of motor neurons into columns in the spinal cord.
ALS (also referred to as Motor Neuron Disease (MND), Charcot's disease or Lou Gehrig's disease) is a progressive and fatal neurological disease that affects 100,000 -120,000 people worldwide with about 1,200 new cases occurring in the UK each year.