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In psychology, the aggregate of all the individual motives, needs, and drives operative in a person at any given moment that influence the will and cause a given behavior.
[ML. motivus, moving]


Etymology: L, movere, to move
conscious or unconscious needs, interests, rewards, or other incentives that arouse, channel, or maintain a particular behavior.


a nursing outcome from the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) defined as the inner urge that moves or prompts an individual to positive action(s). See also Nursing Outcomes Classification.


Vox populi The drive to perform a task. See Neuromuscular motivation, Positive motivation.


Psychological force that moves a person to act to meet a need or achieve a goal.
See also: motive
[ML. motivus, moving]


the internal state of an animal prior to a specific behavioural act.


the internal and external drives and forces that energize, direct and regulate behaviour. Motivation is often conceptualized in terms of direction (the behavioural goal) and intensity (the level of motivation from low to high). Extrinsic motivation motivation directed towards the attainment of rewards that are separable from a behaviour or activity itself. For example, an athlete who engages in sport just to win medals would be extrinsically motivated. intrinsic motivation motivation driven by the pleasure and satisfaction inherent in engaging in a behaviour or activity. For example, an athlete who engages in sport purely for fun and enjoyment would be intrinsically motivated.


Aggregate of all individual motives, needs, and drives operative in a person at any given moment that influence the will and cause a given behavior.
[ML. motivus, moving]


n the stimulus, incentive, or inducement to act or react in a certain way. Purposeful behavior is motivated behavior, which means that either physiologic or social stimuli activate or motivate a person to do something.
motivation, external,
n incentive that accrues as a result of influence from outside sources; inducement to act or change based on the expectations and examples of other people.
motivation, internal,
n incentive that accrues from within an individual; inducement to act or change based on an inherent or intrinsic desire.


see drive.

Patient discussion about motivation

Q. How do you motivate yourself to exercise? I have a problem- I can easily get myself to go to work and other strenuous things, but when I need to get myself out for some exercise, which is only for me, I don’t find the energy for that. Does anyone have any tips how to encourage myself?

A. Try to change to an exercise you enjoy. You can also exercise with a friend, and the commitment to him may give you another push. Another option is to join a regular exercise program in a gym. Good luck!

Q. How to get my motivation back? Hi, I’m 22 years old girl, and since high school I’m 132 pounds stretched over 5’2’’. About two years ago, when I started college I gained another 20 pounds, that made me understand I’m overweight, and then I started a diet – mainly thinking before I eat something. I already lost those extra pounds, an I wish to lose another 10 pounds, but I feel I lost my motivation to restrict myself. Suddenly I find myself eating way too much, which makes me down, which makes me eat again… Any advice?

A. If you feel a craving for food, you can try to go to sleep – it helps me.
Good luck!

Q. What benefits have you recieved from nutrition and fitness What step did you take to begin and stay motivated perticularly if you were depressed and/or addicted

A. Today, after working in the gym for more than a year, I feel much better, I have a anew interest that challenges me and sets goals for me every time, and also let me find new people with this common interest. Of course, I look much better now, and it really improves my feeling and general well being.

If you suffer from depression or addiction, exercise may help you, although consulting a professional, as before starting any exercise program may be necessary.

Take care,

More discussions about motivation
References in periodicals archive ?
element, both for cognitively and for motivationally driven models of
They realized that for them, and others, that first course in statistics was often a struggle motivationally and cognitively.
Second, commitments are motivationally credible if the actors involved hold on to their intention to follow their original claim and act accordingly.
Perhaps citizens of transnational polities will be motivationally inclined toward political activities that are in tension with adopting a truly general perspective on public affairs, but this will not differ substantially from what already takes place within nation-states.
Even though people often tend to respond motivationally to idealized images to protect their self-values (Sub, 1998), it appears that repeated exposure to idealized images generally raises their expectations and influences their perceptions of how they and their lives or appearances ought to be.
Others employ motivationally oriented terms, including sexual motivation, sex drive, sexual urge, sexual craving, and sexual appetite.
5] Researchers Shalom Schwartz and Lilach Sagiv presented a theory about universals in the content of individuals' values and derived ten motivationally distinct types of values, postulated to be recognized in all cultures.
With all manufacturers being in such close traditional quality proximity (counting problems only), there is little question that those car manufacturers who offer rich and impactful, intuitive, motivationally designed cars will have the advantage going into the future.
Bill Gates will hire you Being motivationally Microsoft boss Bill Gates said he chose lazy people to do tough jobs because they "find an easy way to do it".
In addition, golf self-efficacy can be increased through instruction (Compton, 2003; Edward, 1983; Ferguson, Lirgg, German, & Ting, 2005) and goal setting (Kingston & Hardy, 1997), and moreover, its effects on performance may be mediated by motivationally general-mastery imagery (Beauchamp, Bray & Albinson, 2002).
With this project in mind she challenges three central theses of what are commonly taken to be the marks of a 'Humean moral philosophy': 1) belief is motivationally inert, 2) moral judgments are not truth-apt, as they are not cognitive states but expressions of feeling, and 3) evaluations cannot be inferred from facts.
However, everyday deceit and concealment is motivationally and ethically complex.