motion

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motion

 [mo´shun]
motion sickness discomfort felt by some people on a moving boat, train, airplane, or automobile, or even on an elevator or a swing. The discomfort is caused by irregular and abnormal motion that disturbs the organs of balance located in the inner ear. There may be mild symptoms of nausea, dizziness, or headache, as well as pallor and cold perspiration. In more acute cases, there may be vomiting and sometimes prostration. Though most people quickly adapt to travel by airplane, ship, and automobile, few are wholly immune to motion sickness. Even astronauts become ill if the inner ear organs of balance are continuously stimulated by unusual motion. Fortunately, most cases of motion sickness vanish quickly once the journey is over, leaving no ill effects.
Causes. The inner ear possesses three semicircular canals, located at right angles in three different planes. People are accustomed to movement in the horizontal plane, which stimulates certain semicircular canals, but not to vertical movements such as the motion of an elevator or a ship pitching at sea. These vertical movements stimulate the semicircular canals in an unusual way, producing the sensation of nausea, or motion sickness.

Anxiety, grief, or other emotions can also cause motion sickness. A person unaccustomed to traveling by boat or airplane may be apprehensive or nervous and therefore may develop symptoms of nausea. Some individuals with previous experience of motion sickness become ill on a boat at dock or on an airplane prior to take-off.

Airsickness usually occurs during a bumpy flight caused by stormy weather or turbulent air. However, it may also be triggered by poorly ventilated cabins, hunger, digestive upset, overindulgence in food and drink, and unpleasant odors, particularly tobacco smoke.
Treatment. Certain antihistamines have proved highly effective in treating symptoms of seasickness. Like depressants, they may be used alone or in combination with mild sedatives. Those who suffer from motion sickness should ask their health care provider for advice before they embark on a trip. Symptoms may also be reduced if the seasick person rests lying down, with the head low, in a comfortable, well aired place.
Prevention. Being rested and in good health prior to a journey helps to prevent motion sickness. During a voyage by boat, it is advisable for the passenger to remain near the center of the ship, where there will be the least motion. Ample fresh air and exercise and avoidance of stuffy rooms and disagreeable smells are also good precautions. The traveler should keep comfortably warm and avoid overeating and eating rich foods.

For those traveling by air, adequate hydration and small, easily digested meals taken during the flight help to prevent airsickness. The passenger who experiences motion sickness may benefit from reclining in the seat as far as possible and closing the eyes.

Carsickness is often relieved if the journey is interrupted for short walks in the fresh air and by keeping a window open. Children will frequently find it helpful to glance down, and to refrain from reading. Tobacco smoke can also be an aggravating factor.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

mo·tion

(mō'shŭn),
1. A change of place or position. Compare: movement (1).
2. Synonym(s): defecation
3. Synonym(s): stool
[L. motio, movement, fr. moveo, pp. motus, to move]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

motion

Medtalk Movement. See Closed chain motion, Foot motion, Quality of motion, Range of motion, Triplane motion.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

mo·tion

(mō'shŭn)
1. A change of place or position.
Compare: movement (1)
2. Synonym(s): defecation.
3. Synonym(s): stool.
[L. motio, movement, fr. moveo, pp. motus, to move]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about motion

Q. How do I gain range of motion after shoulder surgery I'm 31 years old and had a shoulder replacment last year. I still don't know why my joint gave out and 4 Orthopedic Surgeons couldn't tell me either. I have limited Range of Motion and the Dr. seems to think that because of my "age" I was less likley to get full range back. I refuse to believe that, does anyone have any suggestions on how to gain ROM back?

A. i guess you go to physiotherapy no?
that is their job. to give you range of motion after injuries, surgeries ect. they'll give you exercises specially for your condition. when i had an accident i broke my leg hip and i needed 2 months of physiotherapy that helped very much.

Q. why when we drink alcohol everything seems funnier and things moves as in slow motion? how does it effect the brain and the nerve system ?

A. Donot drink an drive,Like i have said before it is your body trying to get your attention(its telling you that it cant work right with alcohol in it.drinking may seem fun now but it can turn into a nightmare,an you can loose your life,or it can become a living hell for you and the people close to you--THINK BEFORE YOU DRINK---mrfoot56

More discussions about motion
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References in classic literature ?
On the summit, towering up to the fading stars, was a third Martian, erect and motionless like the others.
I felt no fear, only a wild, trembling exultation, as I ran up the hill towards the motionless monster.
THERE'S a famous fishing quote from an angler who, when asked how he summoned up the patience to watch a motionless float for hours on end, said: "Anglers don't need patience, they only need optimism."
But while the party was ongoing, an unidentified individual reported that the victim was unconscious and motionless in the swimming pool.
Her husband, a 39-year-old Bangladeshi, was believed to have found his two baby boys motionless on their bed when he returned from office.
In an interview, Assistant Superintendent Phetogo Philmon said they received a report on January 19 that a man was lying motionless at Sexhara cattle post, about 35 kilometres from Zoroga, after he was allegedly hit with an axe on the head during a quarrel over a girl.
The victim's fellow workers saw him lying motionless in his bed and found he was dead.-Alamy Image
MOTIONLESS IN WHITE It's heavy, fast and loud and will blow you away.
A jarring video surfaced Wednesday allegedly showing man in South Yorkshire, England under the influence of the drug "spice." The man appears motionless and zombie-like in the (https://www.facebook.com/Doncaster-Uncovered-325594177892059/?hc_ref=ART0kPuyabaybZZ8KgzD622RHGZ1aJ4WIY4o8wjDMp6-x8uxdu94hc8mTlH1TKBkZv0&fref=nf) video , hunched over with his hands motionless in front of him.
Perched motionless in a tree, it is surprising how the orange belly and blue back are camouflaged among the foliage.
In a viral YouTube video, two men can be heard discussing whether it is a hammerhead as they wade through the shallow waters, before realizing it is "a giant white shark." Speaking to the Huffington Post, dive boat operator Pearson said: "It would come in to the shallows and lay there motionless, then it would move out again (swimming to) 6 feet of water, circle back in (to the shallows), come into another spot and lay there motionless." As they filmed the encounter, they spotted that the shark had an open wound behind its dorsal fin that was likely caused by a boat propeller.