moral treatment


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mor·al treat·ment

a type of milieu therapy used in the 19th century, emphasizing religious doctrine and benevolent guidance in activities of daily living; as such it was a form of psychotherapy as opposed to somatic treatments such as bloodletting and purging.

moral treatment

A therapeutic and preventive philosophy for managing mental disorders, which was popular in the early 19th century, based on William Tuke’s retreat model. Treatment consisted of removing the afflicted from their homes and placing them in a surrogate “family” of 250 members or less, often under the guidance of a physician. It emphasised religious morals, benevolence and "clean living", in contrast to the somatic therapies of the day (such as bloodletting or purging). Physical restraints were removed from the patients, they were accorded humane and kindly care, and were required to perform useful tasks in the hospital.

moral treatment

An approach to treating mental illness in the 19th century influenced by humanistic philosophy and a belief that a rational, caring approach would enable patients to normalize their thoughts and actions.
References in periodicals archive ?
He applies this framework to suicide, abortion, euthanasia, capital punishment, privacy, the treatment of animals, affirmative action, community and the environmental crisis, the moral treatment of civilians in war, and economic inequality.
By hosting this fun-filled experience, we are being true to the hospital's slogan -- 'A Place Where I Can Be A Child' -- and ensuring that emotional and moral treatment goes parallel with our world-class paediatric health care, which contributes to a faster recovery process," added Dr Al Awadi.
In the 1800s, Philippe Pinel, founder of moral treatment, initiated humanitarian reforms to treat mental illness, unchaining Salpetriere's inmates.
Meanings attributed to institutional reception: from institutionalization as search for care and overcoming fragile linkages to the inefficiency of moral treatment
This was in line with the ideology of the 'moral treatment', which broadly meant treating mentally ill people as human beings rather than dangerous beasts.
Those who defend animal rights, (31) or moral treatment of animals, (32) would further abstract and might use 'animality' instead of 'humanity'.
ABSTRACT Objectives: Moral treatment is a psychological approach that contrasted sharply with a treatment of constraint, beatings, immersion in cold water, diet, or repeated heavy bleeding.
The Moral Treatment Movement, which developed in Europe during the Age of Enlightenment, laid the foundation for the emergence of the profession by recognising the need to occupy people confined to asylums.
Yet, others who may be seeking a new and more historically grounded examination of pressing biomedical issues--and a sensitive moral treatment of issues still unclear or developing--will need to look elsewhere.
If the majority benefits from oppressing a minority, then it looks like moral treatment of the minority is not to the advantage of the members of the majority.
He describes the development of mental hospitalization, the history of torturing mental patients, the concept of moral treatment in early psychiatry, the treatment of epileptics, electroshock therapy, lobotomy, and the use of psychiatric drugs.