monounsaturated fatty acid


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Related to monounsaturated fatty acid: polyunsaturated fatty acid

olive

(o-liv) ,

Extra Virgin Olive Oil

(trade name),

Monounsaturated Fatty Acid

(trade name),

Omega-9 Fatty Acids

(trade name)

Classification

Therapeutic: antihypertensives
Constipation.Cardiovascular disease.Hyperlipidemia.Hypertension.

Action

Phenols present in olive oil have antioxidant, vasodilating, and antiplatelet properties. Olive oil also improves endothelial tissue function and decreases LDL cholesterol's contribution to atherogenesis in patients with hypercholesterolemia.

Therapeutic effects

Decreased blood pressure.
Decreased total cholesterol levels.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption: Unknown
Distribution: Unknown
Metabolism and Excretion: Unknown
Half-life: Unknown

Time/action profile

ONSETPEAKDURATION
POunknownunknownunknown

Contraindications/Precautions

Contraindicated in: None.
Use Cautiously in: Pregnancy and lactation (avoid using in amounts greater than those found in foods)Diabetes.

Adverse Reactions/Side Effects

Dermatologic

  • contact dermatitis (topical)

Interactions

May have additive hypoglycemic effects with antidiabetic agents May have additive hypotensive effects with antihypertensive agents May have additive hypoglycemic effects with herbs that decrease blood glucose levels includingdevil's clawfenugreekgarlicginsengandpsylliumMay have additive hypotensive effects with herbs that ↓ blood pressure includingcoenzyme Q-10fish oilL-argininecat's clawandstinging nettle
Oral (Adults) Constipation—30 mL of oil; Hypertension—30–40 grams/day; Hyperlipidemia—23 grams/day (2 tablespoons); Reduction of risk of first myocardial infarction—54 grams/day

Availability

Oil:
Leaf:
Fruit pulp:

Nursing implications

Nursing assessment

  • Constipation: Assess patient for abdominal distention, presence of bowel sounds, and usual pattern of bowel function.
    • Assess color, consistency, and amount of stool produced
  • Hypercholesterolemia: Obtain a diet history, especially with regard to fat consumption.
  • Lab Test Considerations: Monitor serum cholesterol levels before and periodically during therapy.

Potential Nursing Diagnoses

Constipation (Indications)
Deficient knowledge, related to diet and medication regimen (Patient/Family Teaching)

Implementation

  • Oral: Administer as directed.

Patient/Family Teaching

  • Instruct patient to take as directed.
  • Advice female patient to avoid taking more than is in normal food intake. Notify health care professional if pregnancy is planned or suspected or if breastfeeding.

Evaluation/Desired Outcomes

  • Soft, formed bowel movement when used for constipation.
  • Reduction in serum cholesterol levels.

monounsaturated fatty acid

A fatty acid containing one double bond between carbon atoms. It is found in olive oil and is the predominant fat in the Mediterranean diet. It is thought to reduce low-density lipoprotein levels without affecting high-density lipoprotein levels.
See: Mediterranean diet
See also: acid
References in periodicals archive ?
* Avocado oil, rich in monounsaturated fatty acids, carotenoids, and phytosterols is a healthy option.
Comparative assessment on Saturated Fatty acids Monounsaturated Fatty Acids Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids 3 Fatty Acids and 3 to 6 ratio between the sea cucumbers.
Keywords: Polyunsaturated fatty acid, n-3/n-6 ratio, fish muscle lipids, saturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids.
Some other researchers reported that high levels of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) content were protective effects against ischemic cardiovascular diseases (Fraser et al., 1992; Sabate et al., 1993; Abbey et al., 1994).
Relative amounts of individual saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids were similar in eggs of both wild caught and conditioned broodstock.
Palmitic acid and oleic acid were the most abundant saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids, respectively in F.
Olive oil is rich in oleic acid, a monounsaturated fatty acid that research suggests may help reduce low-density lipoprotein (LDL, or "bad") cholesterol and improve levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL, or "good") cholesterol when used in place of saturated fats.
This monounsaturated fatty acid may be the key to "heart-friendlier" corn products.
One of the randomly assigned cycles featured liquid oleic acid, the main monounsaturated fatty acid in olive and canola oils; another offered meals high in the solid "trans" oleic acid.
Oleic acid is termed a monounsaturated fatty acid. Some studies have indicated that a high proportion of fat as oleic acid in moderately low-fat diets can lower serum cholesterol and the risk of coronary heart disease.
Oleic acid is a monounsaturated fatty acid that, according to research, lowers LDL cholesterol but doesn't correspondingly lower HDL cholesterol.
The heart-protective benefits of olives may also be due to their high monounsaturated fatty acid content, a type of fat well-touted for its ability to improve cholesterol levels.