monounsaturated fatty acid
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Related to monounsaturated fatty acid: polyunsaturated fatty acid
Extra Virgin Olive Oil(trade name),
Monounsaturated Fatty Acid(trade name),
Omega-9 Fatty Acids(trade name)
Phenols present in olive oil have antioxidant, vasodilating, and antiplatelet properties. Olive oil also improves endothelial tissue function and decreases LDL cholesterol's contribution to atherogenesis in patients with hypercholesterolemia.
Decreased blood pressure.
Decreased total cholesterol levels.
Metabolism and Excretion: Unknown
Contraindicated in: None.
Use Cautiously in: Pregnancy and lactation (avoid using in amounts greater than those found in foods)Diabetes.
Adverse Reactions/Side Effects
- contact dermatitis (topical)
InteractionsMay have additive hypoglycemic effects with antidiabetic agents May have additive hypotensive effects with antihypertensive agents May have additive hypoglycemic effects with herbs that decrease blood glucose levels includingdevil's clawfenugreekgarlicginsengandpsylliumMay have additive hypotensive effects with herbs that ↓ blood pressure includingcoenzyme Q-10fish oilL-argininecat's clawandstinging nettle
Oral (Adults) Constipation—30 mL of oil; Hypertension—30–40 grams/day; Hyperlipidemia—23 grams/day (2 tablespoons); Reduction of risk of first myocardial infarction—54 grams/day
- Constipation: Assess patient for abdominal distention, presence of bowel sounds, and usual pattern of bowel function.
- Assess color, consistency, and amount of stool produced
- Hypercholesterolemia: Obtain a diet history, especially with regard to fat consumption.
- Lab Test Considerations: Monitor serum cholesterol levels before and periodically during therapy.
Potential Nursing DiagnosesConstipation (Indications)
Deficient knowledge, related to diet and medication regimen (Patient/Family Teaching)
- Oral: Administer as directed.
- Instruct patient to take as directed.
- Advice female patient to avoid taking more than is in normal food intake. Notify health care professional if pregnancy is planned or suspected or if breastfeeding.
- Soft, formed bowel movement when used for constipation.
- Reduction in serum cholesterol levels.
Drug Guide, © 2015 Farlex and Partners
monounsaturated fatty acid
A fatty acid containing one double bond between carbon atoms. It is found in olive oil and is the predominant fat in the Mediterranean diet. It is thought to reduce low-density lipoprotein levels without affecting high-density lipoprotein levels.See: Mediterranean diet
See also: acid
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners