monounsaturated fatty acid


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Related to monounsaturated fatty acid: polyunsaturated fatty acid

olive

(o-liv) ,

Extra Virgin Olive Oil

(trade name),

Monounsaturated Fatty Acid

(trade name),

Omega-9 Fatty Acids

(trade name)

Classification

Therapeutic: antihypertensives
Constipation.Cardiovascular disease.Hyperlipidemia.Hypertension.

Action

Phenols present in olive oil have antioxidant, vasodilating, and antiplatelet properties. Olive oil also improves endothelial tissue function and decreases LDL cholesterol's contribution to atherogenesis in patients with hypercholesterolemia.

Therapeutic effects

Decreased blood pressure.
Decreased total cholesterol levels.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption: Unknown
Distribution: Unknown
Metabolism and Excretion: Unknown
Half-life: Unknown

Time/action profile

ONSETPEAKDURATION
POunknownunknownunknown

Contraindications/Precautions

Contraindicated in: None.
Use Cautiously in: Pregnancy and lactation (avoid using in amounts greater than those found in foods)Diabetes.

Adverse Reactions/Side Effects

Dermatologic

  • contact dermatitis (topical)

Interactions

May have additive hypoglycemic effects with antidiabetic agents May have additive hypotensive effects with antihypertensive agents May have additive hypoglycemic effects with herbs that decrease blood glucose levels includingdevil's clawfenugreekgarlicginsengandpsylliumMay have additive hypotensive effects with herbs that ↓ blood pressure includingcoenzyme Q-10fish oilL-argininecat's clawandstinging nettle
Oral (Adults) Constipation—30 mL of oil; Hypertension—30–40 grams/day; Hyperlipidemia—23 grams/day (2 tablespoons); Reduction of risk of first myocardial infarction—54 grams/day

Availability

Oil:
Leaf:
Fruit pulp:

Nursing implications

Nursing assessment

  • Constipation: Assess patient for abdominal distention, presence of bowel sounds, and usual pattern of bowel function.
    • Assess color, consistency, and amount of stool produced
  • Hypercholesterolemia: Obtain a diet history, especially with regard to fat consumption.
  • Lab Test Considerations: Monitor serum cholesterol levels before and periodically during therapy.

Potential Nursing Diagnoses

Constipation (Indications)
Deficient knowledge, related to diet and medication regimen (Patient/Family Teaching)

Implementation

  • Oral: Administer as directed.

Patient/Family Teaching

  • Instruct patient to take as directed.
  • Advice female patient to avoid taking more than is in normal food intake. Notify health care professional if pregnancy is planned or suspected or if breastfeeding.

Evaluation/Desired Outcomes

  • Soft, formed bowel movement when used for constipation.
  • Reduction in serum cholesterol levels.

monounsaturated fatty acid

A fatty acid containing one double bond between carbon atoms. It is found in olive oil and is the predominant fat in the Mediterranean diet. It is thought to reduce low-density lipoprotein levels without affecting high-density lipoprotein levels.
See: Mediterranean diet
See also: acid
References in periodicals archive ?
Dietary monounsaturated fatty acids intake and risk of skin photoaging.
The avocado is rich in monounsaturated fatty acids, a diverse array of carotenoids, fiber, folate, glutathione, and phytosterols.
Of these, only the [DELTA]9 desaturase acts upon saturated fatty acids (SFA) to convert them to their respective monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA).
The higher the monounsaturated fatty acid content, the lower the saturated and polyunsaturated fatty acid contents, according to Bandler.
The types included palmitic acid, monounsaturated fatty acid and oleic acid.
Recently, oncology researchers were excited to discover that oleic acid, the main monounsaturated fatty acid in olive oil, may fight cancer by interacting with the human genome.
Of the total fat (in beef) about half is monounsaturated fatty acids (the same type of fat found in olive oil), which can help reduce (bad) LDL cholesterol in the blood.
05) of saturated fatty acids (SFA) and monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA).
Research studies suggest that the Mediterranean diet, which is enriched with monounsaturated fatty acids, helps to prevent coronary artery disease and strokes.
TEHRAN (FNA)- A new study found that monounsaturated fatty acids -- a class of nutrients found in olive oils, nuts and avocados -- are linked to general intelligence, and that this relationship is driven by the correlation between MUFAs and the organization of the brain's attention network.
Fatty acids are building blocks of various lipids classified as saturated fatty acids (SFA), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA).