monosome

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mon·o·some

(mon'ō-sōm),
1. Synonym(s): accessory chromosome
2. Obsolete term for ribosome.
3. A structure consisting of a single ribosome bound to a molecule of mRNA.
[mono- + chromosome]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

monosome

(mŏn′ə-sōm′)
n.
1. A chromosome having no homologue, especially an unpaired X chromosome.
2. A single ribosome.

mon′o·so′mic (-sō′mĭk) adj.
mon′o·so′my n.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

mon·o·some

(mon'ō-sōm)
A structure consisting of a single ribosome bound to a molecule of mRNA.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
neumayeri had no measurable amount of ribosomes in polysomes (monosomes are dominant: Fig.
To quantify the proportion of ribosomes in the monoribosome (monosome) and polyribosome (polysome) fractions, sucrose gradients with an EDTA-containing cushion were used to accumulate all of the different size classes of polysomes (measured as one large peak).
This indicated the A fragment was hemizygous and the monosome in these plants was a P-genome chromosome.
Based on double monosomic analysis (Table 2), K2-10 does not have the same monosome as K46.
To determine if an isozyme locus mapped to the monosome from the female parent, isozyme phenotypes were ascertained for 203 [F.sub.1] progeny from crosses made for double monosomic analysis which had both 42- and 41- (or 40-) chromosome progeny.