monosodium glutamate


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monosodium glutamate

 [mon″o-so´de-um]
a salt of glutamic acid, used as a pharmaceutic necessity, and also used to enhance the flavor of foods. See also Chinese restaurant syndrome.

mon·o·so·di·um glu·ta·mate (MSG),

(mon'ō-sō'dē-ŭm glū'tă-māt),
The monosodium salt of the naturally occurring l form of glutamic acid; used as a flavor enhancer that is a cause or contributing factor to colloquially named "Chinese restaurant" syndrome; also used intravenously as an adjunct in treatment of encephalopathies associated with hepatic disease.

MSG

A flavour-enhancing amino acid used in processed, packaged and fast foods, which is an excitatory neurotransmitter and neurotoxin. Other sources with up to 40% MSG include autolysed yeast, calcium caseinate, sodium caseinate, and hydrolysed and texturised proteins.
 
Toxicity
Headaches, heart palpitations, skin flushing, tightness of the chest. MSG may cause convulsions when injected into the peritoneal cavity of experimental animals, stimulating neurons until they die, an effect that has been implicated in brain damage in strokes, hypoglycaemia, trauma, seizures, Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s diseases and Guam-type amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; domoic aoid, a potent glutamate analogue, may cause toxic poisoning in mussel eaters, possibly causing an Alzheimer’s-like disease.

mon·o·so·di·um glu·ta·mate

(MSG) (mon'ō-sō'dē-ŭm glū'tă-māt)
The monosodium salt of the naturally occurring l form of glutamic acid; used as a flavor enhancer that is a cause or contributing factor to colloquially named "Chinese restaurant" syndrome; also used intravenously as an adjunct in treatment of encephalopathies associated with hepatic disease.

monosodium glutamate

The sodium salt of glutamic acid produced by acids or enzyme action on vegetable protein such as wheat gluten or soya bean. Monosodium glutamate is used as a culinary seasoning and flavouring agent and is believed to be responsible for the CHINESE RESTAURANT SYNDROME. Also known as Ajinomoto, Vetsin, Chinese seasoning, Accent or Zest.

mon·o·so·di·um glu·ta·mate

(MSG) (mon'ō-sō'dē-ŭm glū'tă-māt)
Monosodium salt of naturally occurring levorotatory form of glutamic acid; used as a flavor enhancer that is a cause or contributing factor to the colloquially named "Chinese restaurant" syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
Study the impacts of monosodium glutamate (MSG) and extract of green tea (theaceae family) leaves-induced on kidney biochemical functions in rats.
The purpose of the study was aimed to investigate the effects of repeated monosodium glutamate administration on memory functions in male rats.
Knigge, "Monosodium glutamate induced lesions of the arcuate nucleus.
Many junk foods are filled with alarming amounts of things like monosodium glutamate. Were the rats more responsive to the MSG-laden foods?
Foods most commonly associated with migraines are alcohol (especially beer and red wine); caffeinated beverages (headaches are associated with withdrawal); foods containing tyramine (a compound associated with the fermentation process that is found in foods such as most cheeses, yogurt, and aged, pickled or marinated meats); and food additives such as nitrates (found in hot dogs, salami, bacon pepperoni, and pastrami) and monosodium glutamate (MSG, found in canned soups, fast foods, soy sauce and Chinese food).
The recipe was originally created by the Block and Bridle Club at Iowa State University, and makes 100 pounds of bulk sausage: 100 pounds trimmed ground lamb or ewe with 22-25 percent fat 3 quarts barbecue sauce 1 pound celery salt 1/4 pound monosodium glutamate 0.08 pound garlic powder 0.08 pound whole celery seed 0.08 pound white pepper Grind the lamb or mutton fairly fine.
A native of Nagasaki Prefecture, Egashira assumed the presidency of Ajinomoto, best known for monosodium glutamate, in June 1997 after his predecessor resigned to take the blame for the company's payoffs to corporate extortionists.
Meanwhile, China's food safety watchdog said it had revoked the licenses of 564 factories involved in producing problematic monosodium glutamate (MSG), rice and frozen noodles, stepping up its crackdown on unsafe food production to meet a deadline late this year set by the central government Among the 564 factories, 17 food processing plants have had their licenses revoked because their production facilities failed to satisfy relevant quality or safety standards.
ANSWERS: 1 Jacques-Yves Cousteau; 2 Monosodium glutamate in Chinese meals; 3 An engraver; 4 Ramadan; 5 Peppermint; 6 Mexico; 7 Sir Walter Scott; 8 Dylan Thomas; 9 Bartolomeu Dias; 10 Choux pastry.
Umami describes the taste of a substance called monosodium glutamate (MSG).
1), L-glutamate (the major constituent of monosodium glutamate, or MSG), and aspartame.