mononucleotide


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Related to mononucleotide: Nicotinamide Mononucleotide

nu·cle·o·tide

(nū'klē-ō-tīd),
Originally a combination of a (nucleic acid) purine or pyrimidine, one sugar (usually ribose or deoxyribose), and a phosphoric group; by extension, any compound containing a heterocyclic compound bound to a phosphorylated sugar by an N-glycosyl link (for example, adenosine monophosphate, NAD+). For individual nucleotides see specific names.
Synonym(s): mononucleotide

mononucleotide

(mŏn′ō-no͞o′klē-ə-tīd′, -nyo͞o′-)
n.
A nucleotide.

nu·cle·o·tide

(nū'klē-ō-tīd)
A combination of a (nucleic acid) purine or pyrimidine, one sugar (usually ribose or deoxyribose), and a phosphoric group.
Synonym(s): mononucleotide.
References in periodicals archive ?
NAD replenishment with nicotinamide mononucleotide protects blood-brain barrier integrity and attenuates delayed tissue plasminogen activator-induced haemorrhagic transformation after cerebral ischaemia.
The Msh2-KO mice showed MSI, which appeared to involve additional contraction of the mononucleotide repeats.
nipae had some difference with those of other insects, which can be observed from Table 4, and the ratio of mononucleotide repeat was mostly in the transcriptome data of the four known insects, ranging from 37.59% to 89.44% with significant difference.
Morris, "Nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) supplementation ameliorates the impact of maternal obesity in mice: comparison with exercise," Scientific Reports, vol.
Orsomando et al., "A rise in NAD precursor nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) after injury promotes axon degeneration," Cell Death and Differentiation, vol.
In the NAD biosynthetic pathway from nicotinamide, iNampt catalyzes the transfer of a phosphoribosyl group from 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate to nicotinamide, forming nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) and pyrophosphate [15].
The search criteria were mononucleotide repeats [greater than or equal to] 10, dinucleotide repeats [greater than or equal to]6, trinucleotide repeats [greater than or equal to]5, and tetranucleotide to hexanucleotide [greater than or equal to]4; meanwhile, those interrupted composite SSRs had also been selected (interval bases [less than or equal to] 100).
Milbrandt, "Amyloid precursor protein cleavagedependent and -independent axonal degeneration programs share a common nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase 1-sensitive pathway," The Journal of Neuroscience, vol.
Other approaches for Sirt activation involve [NAD.sup.+] precursors, such as nicotinamide riboside or nicotinamide mononucleotide [71], and augmentation of [NAD.sup.+] availability via inhibition of glycohydrolases CD38 and CD157, which convert [NAD.sup.+] to nicotinamide mononucleotide [72].
During an anaerobic degradation the intestinal microbiota is involved in the reduction of the azo bond by azoreductases, using the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD), flavin mononucleotide (FMN) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) as electron donors.
Louis, has found a natural compound called NMN (nicotinamide mononucleotide)with potential anti-ageing remedies.