mononeuritis multiplex


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mononeuritis

 [mon″o-noo͡-ri´tis]
inflammation of a single nerve.
mononeuritis mul´tiplex simultaneous inflammation of several nerves remote from one another.

mon·o·neu·rop·a·thy mul·'ti·plex

nontraumatic involvement of two or more portions of the peripheral nervous system (for example, roots, plexus elements, nerve trunks), usually sequentially and in different areas of the body; most often the result of vasculitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
[15] Motor and sensory neurotoxic effects of cnidarian venoms have been reported in several cases of mononeuritis multiplex produced by different jellyfish [16] Few reports of Guillain-Barre syndrome and dysphonia following jellyfish stings have also been reported.
(13) In this case, cyclophosphamide was added because of gastrointestinal involvement and progressive and disabling confluent mononeuritis multiplex.
Peripheral nerve involvement can occur in PAN, which usually presents as subacute or chronic mononeuritis multiplex or confluent neuropathy.
However Guillain-Barre syndrome, mononeuritis multiplex, and autonomic neuropathy could also occur (1,2,3,4,5).
Peripheral neuropathy (especially mononeuritis multiplex) can be present at 10.6 - 21.2% of patients and less than 10% with involvement of the central nervous system (13,3).
Mishra, "Acro-osteolysis and mononeuritis multiplex as a presenting symptom of systemic angiitis of Wegener's type," Indian Journal of Medical Sciences, vol.
(3) When more than one nerve is involved in an asymmetrical distribution it is known as mononeuritis multiplex, while symmetric involvement is called polyneuropathy or symmetrical polyneuritis.
The complications like mononeuritis multiplex can be there in HIV infections.
In addition, medications such as methotrexate and tumor necrosis factor inhibitors may cause the nodules, or exacerbate their development; or, auditory neuropathy--the condition in which sound is not transmitted satisfactorily; physical reasons may not be obvious, and it may be due to vasculitis (inflammation), as part of mononeuritis multiplex, that is, a condition that affects separate nerve areas.
Mononeuritis and mononeuritis multiplex can involve pain, palsy and radiculopathy.
Besides, a significant proportion of patients present with peripheral nervous system (PNS) involvement in the form of mononeuritis multiplex due to vasculitis or with central nervous system (CNS) involvement due to infiltrating granulomatous lesions (10-45%) [3].
Neurologic symptoms were classified into 4 categories: mononeuritis multiplex, PTS, meningoradiculitis, and acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (Table 3).