Phosphorus flame retardants including ammonium polyphosphate (APP), ammonium monohydric
phosphate (DAP), and ammonium phosphate (AP) were supported by Shanghai Luzhong Chemical Product Co., Ltd.
Kinetic evidence for hydrophobically stabilized encounter complexes formed by hydrophobic esters in aqueous solutions containing monohydric
The binder is comprised of 20-95% by weight, based on the weight of the binder, of a urethane oligomer having a weight average molecular weight of 300-2500 consisting of the reaction product of an aliphatic polyisocyanate, a hydroxy functional aliphatic carboxylic acid and a monohydric
alcohol selected from the group consisting of aliphatic monohydric
alcohol and cycloaliphatic monohydric
alcohol, wherein the acid groups formed thereon are neutralized with an amine to provide a water-dispersible product; and 5-80% by weight, based on the weight of the binder, of a water-soluble or water-dispersible alkylated melamine crosslinking agent.
Waxes are quite similar to fats but are esters of monohydric
Different solvents, such as [C.sub.1]-[C.sub.12] aliphatic alcohols, and monohydric
and dihydric alcohols can be used, with methanol and ethanol being designated as the preferred extraction agents.
Table 4-principal compounds used in manufacture of esters Organic acids Monobasic acids Dibasic acids Tribasic acids Oleic Phthalic anhydride Trimellitic anhydride Stearic Adipic acid Citric acid Benzoic Sebacic acid Pelargonic Azelaic acid Glutaric acid Organic alcohols Monohydric
Dihydric Trihydric 2-Ethylhexanol Propylene glycol Glycerol Isodecanol 1,3 butandiol Trimethylolpropane 6-10 linear alcohols 1,4 butandiol Benzyl alcohol Isononyl alcohol
(3) Why wee some dihydric and trihydric acids weaker than some monohydric
acids ([H.sub.3][PO.sub.4] is weaker than [HCIO.sub.4]).
If a water-miscible monohydric
alcohol is present, it is present in an amount less than 3% by weight of the base composition.
However, the enzyme activity and ees of branch chain monohydric
alcohols (isobutanol, isoamylol, and isooctanol) were more than those of their corresponding straight chain monohydric
alcohols (1-butanol, 1-pentanol, and 1-octanol).
The binary mixtures of aromatic amine compound (aniline) and alcohols (monohydric
) were made into three groups on mixing of aromatic amine compound (Aniline) with aliphatic alcohols (methanol, ethanol and propanol).
In 2009, the total annual discharge of monohydric
and dihydric phenols into the aquatic environment was 2780 kg in Estonia, including 2260 kg in North-Eastern Estonia .
Kinetic evidence for hydrofobically stabilized encounter complexes formed by hydrophobic esters in aqueous solutions containing monohydric