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Glycerol with an acyl moiety esterified to position 1 (that is, 1-monoacylglycerol) or position 2 (that is, 2-monoacylglycerol); an intermediate in the degradation and synthesis of lipids; 2-monoacylglycerols are a major end product of triacylglycerol degradation.
Synonym(s): monoglyceride
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Thormar, "Bactericidal effects of fatty acids and monoglycerides on Helicobacter pylori" International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, vol.
The JME fuel property test results such as density at 15[degrees]C, calorific value, flash point, cetane value, specific gravity at 15[degrees] C, viscosity at 40[degrees]C, water content, ash content, acid value, monoglyceride, diglyceride, triglyceride, free glycerine, total ester content, and total glycerine contents are summarized in Table 7.
It is now generally accepted that the antimicrobial activity, and especially anti-viral activity, in the body appears to be dependent on the digestion of triglycerides into monoglycerides and fatty acids such as the digestion of lauric acid to monolaurin.
The most common method for the preparation of "modified alkyd resin" is also the monoglyceride method [80], In related studies, at the first stage, oil has been converted to monoglyceride by alcoholysis, and then esterification process has been carried at the second stage by adding dibasic acid [4, 27, 28, 30].
Long oil alkyd was synthesized via monoglyceride method.
The epoxidized monoglyceride diacetates from cottonseed oil and soybean oil were recommended as replacements for DOP and DOA (dioctyl hexanedioate) (ref.
The baking ingredients were as follows; whole wheat flour (Shams Azar Co.), brown rice flour (Aryana Co.), the emulsifiers monoglyceride and diglyceride (Distld), baking yeast (Iran Molass Co.), salt (Hedyeh Co.) and polyethylene bags.
Another methoxide anion attacks the carbonyl carbon in the formed diglyceride, forming another mole of methyl ester and monoglyceride. Finally, a new methoxide anion attacks the monoglyceride, producing a total of three moles of methyl esters and a mole of glycerol.
Poupaert, "Search for monoglyceride lipase inhibitors: synthesis and screening of arylthioamides derivatives," Medicinal Chemistry Research, vol.
(63.) Mattil, KF, Sims, RJ, "The Glycerolysis of Fat in Tertiary Aromatic Nitrogenous Bases to Increase Monoglyceride Yield." J.