monoamine

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monoamine

 [mon″o-am´ēn]
an amine containing only one amino group.
monoamine oxidase (MAO) a copper-containing enzyme that deaminates monoamines such as dopamine, epinephrine, norepinephrine, and serotonin. See also monoamine oxidase inhibitor.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

mon·o·am·ine

(mon'ō-am'ēn, -in), Although this word is correctly stressed on the second-last syllable, U.S. usage often stresses it on the last syllable.
A molecule containing one amine group.
Synonym(s): monamine
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

monoamine

(mŏn′ō-ăm′ēn, -ə-mēn′)
n.
An amine compound containing one amino group, especially a compound that functions as a neurotransmitter.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

monoamine

A class of molecules that contain one amino group connected to an aromatic ring by a two-carbon chain. The physiologically important monoamines derive from aromatic amino acids—phenylalanine, tyrosine, tryptophan—and the thyroid hormones by the action of aromatic amino acid decarboxylase enzymes. They include neurotransmitters and neuromodulators, in particular catecholamines (dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine) and tryptamines (serotonin and melatonin).
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

monoamine

Pharmacology A class of hormones or neurotransmitters–eg, catecholamines–dopamine, epinephrine, norepinephrine and indoleamines–serotonin, melatonin, which have 1 amine. See Catecholamine.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

mon·o·am·ine

, monamine (mon'ō-ǎ-mēn', mon-amin)
A molecule containing one amine group.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Collected samples were immediately frozen at -80[degrees]C until monoamine quantification by HPLC as described above.
For many years, the prevailing hypothesis of depression has been that a deficit in monoamine neurotransmitters, notably norepinephrine and serotonin, underlies depression.
Partial insomnia, hyperactivity and hyperdipsia induced by repeated administration of toluene in rats: Their relation to brain monoamine metabolism.
The brain monoamine and antioxidant systems interact closely with the HPA-axis and are implicated in the acquisition and maintenance of psychological and physical stress responses (Zafir and Banu 2009; Ahmad et al.
Thus, the present study was conducted to investigate the anxiolytic effects of Schisandra lignans extract (SLE) on restraint stress-induced anxiety mice using light-dark (L-D) test, and the influences on the levels of monoamines noradrenaline (NE), dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) in cerebral cortex of mice, as well as the plasma corticosterone (CORT) level.
So why did the pharmaceutical industry continue to develop drugs that inhibit the reuptake of one monoamine or another instead of innovating and developing novel agents with diverse mechanisms of action?
Broadly, the monoterpene indole alkaloid strictosidinic acid seems to act on 5-HT and DA systems in rat striatum, increasing the monoamines metabolism in this brain structure.
L-methy [folate: a vitamin for your monoamines. J Clin Psychiatry 2008;69(9):1352-1353.
The present study aimed to characterize the antidepressant-like effect of a standardized aqueous extract (AE) of Cecropia glazioui Sneth and its purified fractions on in vivo (forced swimming test), ex vivo (hippocampal monoamines levels) and in vitro (serotonin, noradrenaline and dopamine uptake) tests, searching for the active principles and the underlying mechanisms of action.
Neurocrine Biosciences Inc's VMAT2 is a protein concentrated in the human brain that is primarily responsible for re-packaging and transporting monoamines (dopamine, norepinephrine, serotonin, and histamine) among nerve cells.