monoamine

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monoamine

 [mon″o-am´ēn]
an amine containing only one amino group.
monoamine oxidase (MAO) a copper-containing enzyme that deaminates monoamines such as dopamine, epinephrine, norepinephrine, and serotonin. See also monoamine oxidase inhibitor.

mon·o·am·ine

(mon'ō-am'ēn, -in), Although this word is correctly stressed on the second-last syllable, U.S. usage often stresses it on the last syllable.
A molecule containing one amine group.
Synonym(s): monamine

monoamine

/mono·amine/ (mon″o-ah-mēn´) an amine containing one amino group, e.g., serotonin, dopamine, epinephrine, and norepinephrine.

monoamine

(mŏn′ō-ăm′ēn, -ə-mēn′)
n.
An amine compound containing one amino group, especially a compound that functions as a neurotransmitter.

monoamine

[mon′ō·am′in]
an amine containing one amine group.

monoamine

A class of molecules that contain one amino group connected to an aromatic ring by a two-carbon chain. The physiologically important monoamines derive from aromatic amino acids—phenylalanine, tyrosine, tryptophan—and the thyroid hormones by the action of aromatic amino acid decarboxylase enzymes. They include neurotransmitters and neuromodulators, in particular catecholamines (dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine) and tryptamines (serotonin and melatonin).

monoamine

Pharmacology A class of hormones or neurotransmitters–eg, catecholamines–dopamine, epinephrine, norepinephrine and indoleamines–serotonin, melatonin, which have 1 amine. See Catecholamine.

mon·o·am·ine

, monamine (mon'ō-ǎ-mēn', mon-amin)
A molecule containing one amine group.

monoamine

an amine containing only one amino group.

monoamine oxidase
a cuproprotein enzyme that deaminates monoamines such as serotonin, epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine, tyramine and tryptamine. Called also MAO.
monoamine oxidase inhibitors
substances that inhibit the activity of monoamine oxidase, increasing catecholamine and serotonin levels in the brain; they are used as antidepressants and antihypertensives. Called also MAO inhibitors.
References in periodicals archive ?
During the stroke, inflammatory changes in the brain can disrupt the balance of the monoamine neurotransmitters (dopamine and others).
Chronic Effect of Aspartame on Ionic Homeostasis and Monoamine Neurotransmitters in the Rat Brain.
Tricyclic antidepressants (TCA), monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) all increase the concentration of monoamine neurotransmitters in the synaptic cleft, with varying degrees of specificity.
The monoamine neurotransmitters are involved in the control of a wide variety of neuronal functions.
Most of these medications effectively treat depression by increasing available levels of monoamine neurotransmitters through monoamine oxidase inhibition, reuptake inhibition, or neurotransmitter binding.
The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in the neuroendocrine system is one of the complicated neurobiological mechanisms which play important roles as similar as monoamine neurotransmitters system in the new antidepressant development.
Xiao W, Chung-Ling W, Xing-Chen W, Jie L, Jian-Zhong B, Monoamine neurotransmitters and fibroblast growth factor-2 in the brains of rats with post-stroke depression, Experimental And Therapeutic Medicine, 8: 159-164, 2014.
Both have the goal of keeping levels of monoamine neurotransmitters in the brain balanced after birth.
Depression occurred due to a deficiency of monoamine neurotransmitters in the brain, mainly serotonin or norepinephrine.
Student t-test was used to estimate the effect of VW on monoamine neurotransmitters and effects of diazepam on sleep and EEG delta activity.
The TMS device involves the delivery of short MRI-strength magnetic field pulses aimed at the left prefrontal cortex, which results in the release of monoamine neurotransmitters in the brain and has been shown to be active in animal behavioral models of depression, according to the company.