moniliasis


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candidiasis

 [kan″dĭ-di´ah-sis]
infection by fungi of the genus Candida, generally C. albicans, most commonly involving the skin, oral mucosa (thrush), respiratory tract, or vagina; occasionally there is a systemic infection or endocarditis. It is most often associated with pregnancy, glycosuria, diabetes mellitus, or use of antibiotics. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has found that in the United States this condition is the fourth most common cause of nosocomial infections of the blood stream. Called also candidosis and moniliasis.

The most prominent symptom of vaginitis due to Candida infection is severe itching. Sexual transmission is unlikely. Intravaginal cream containing miconazole or clotrimazole, applied each night for one week, usually clears up the infection. Difficulty or pain with swallowing, or retrosternal pain, may indicate candidiasis of the esophagus. Systemic antifungal therapy is indicated for esophagitis and other more severe forms of the disease. Therapeutic options include ketoconazole, fluconazole, and amphotericin b. Chronic suppressive therapy is sometimes required for severely immunocompromised patients. The Infectious Disease Society of America has published “Practice Guidelines for the Treatment of Candidiasis” on their web site, http://www.idsociety.org.
atrophic candidiasis oral candidiasis marked by erythematous, pebbled patches on the hard or soft palate, buccal mucosa, and dorsal surface of the tongue, a complication of numerous different conditions such as vitamin deficiency, diabetes mellitus, or poorly fitting dentures. There are acute forms and a chronic form called denture stomatitis.
bronchopulmonary candidiasis candidiasis of the respiratory tree, occurring in a mild afebrile form manifested as chronic bronchitis, and in a usually fatal form resembling tuberculosis. Called also bronchocandidiasis.
chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis a group comprising a number of varying forms of Candida infection, marked by chronic candidiasis of the skin and nails and the mucous membranes of the mouth and vagina that is resistant to treatment; it may be localized or diffuse, is sometimes familial, and may be associated with disorders of the immune and endocrine systems.
endocardial candidiasis Candida endocarditis.
oral candidiasis thrush.
pulmonary candidiasis a type of fungal pneumonia caused by infection with Candida species, seen especially in immunocompromised patients or those with malignancies. Called also Candida pneumonia.
vaginal candidiasis (vulvovaginal candidiasis) candidal infection of the vagina, and usually also the vulva, commonly characterized by itching, creamy white discharge, vulvar redness and swelling, and dyspareunia. Called also Candida or candidal vaginitis and Candida or candidal vulvovaginitis.

can·di·di·a·sis

(kan'di-dī'ă-sis),
Infection with, or disease caused by, Candida, especially C. albicans. This disease usually results from debilitation (as in immunosuppression and especially AIDS), physiologic change, prolonged administration of antibiotics, and iatrogenic and barrier breakage.
Synonym(s): candidosis, moniliasis

moniliasis

(mō′nə-lī′ə-sĭs, mŏn′ə-)

monilial vulvovaginitis, moniliasis

moniliasis

A term largely used by the lay public for various forms of candidiasis.

can·di·di·a·sis

(kandi-dīă-sis)
Infection with, or disease caused by, Candida, especially C. albicans. This disease usually results from debilitation (as in immunosuppression and especially AIDS), physiologic change, prolonged administration of antibiotics, and barrier breakage. Commonly affected areas include the skin, oral mucous membranes, respiratory tract, and vagina.
Synonym(s): candidosis, moniliasis.

moniliasis

See CANDIDIASIS.

Beck,

Soma Cornelius, German physician, 1872-1930.
Beck disease - Synonym(s): Beck-Ibrahim syndrome
Beck-Ibrahim syndrome - an erythematous eruption of the perineal and perigenital regions of newborns, with multiple pustules filled with Candida albicans. Synonym(s): Beck disease; candidiasis; cutaneous anergy; Ibrahim disease; moniliasis

can·di·di·a·sis

(kandi-dīă-sis)
Infection with, or disease caused by, Candida, especially C. albicans. Commonly affected areas include skin, oral mucous membranes, respiratory tract, and vagina.
Synonym(s): moniliasis.

moniliasis (mō´nilī´əsis),

n infection by a fungus of the genus
Candida, usually
C. albicans. May involve the oral cavity (thrush), female genitalia, skin, hands, nails, and/or lungs.
Oral moniliasis refers to thrush or to mycotic stomatitis. The latter term is sometimes applied to erythematous patches that are not typical of the usual white patches of thrush. See also thrush.

moniliasis

see candidiasis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Three were evaluated in 2001, Pseudomonas putida, Pseudomonas cepacia, and Bacillus subtilius, and outcome data indicated that Bacillus subtilius and Pseudomonas cepacia both reduced moniliasis 62% and 55%, respectively.
versicolor 2 Tonsillitis 1 Moniliasis 2 Hypertension 1 Scabies 1 Varicose veins 1 Phrynoderma 1 Thyroid disorder 1 Alopecia areata 1 Tuberculosis 1 Figure 1 No.
Evaluacion de la enfermedad En cada planta, se hizo la estimacion a nivel de parcela para conocer la incidencia inicial de la moniliasis, ademas de la cantidad de inoculo presente.
La moniliasis esta restringida en Sur y Centroamerica; en algunas areas de Suramerica ha causado perdidas en los cultivos del 60 al 100% (Evans et al, 1978; Evans, 1986; Phillips, 2003; Phillips et al, 2005; Phillips et al, 2006a; Phillips et al, 2006b).
El muguet se conoce tambien por candidiasis o moniliasis bucal.
Evans, agente causal de moniliasis en el cacao, enfermedad que representa uno de los principales factores limitantes del rendimiento en nueve paises de America Central y America del Sur.
17) Caruso LJ: Vaginal moniliasis after tetracycline therapy: The effects of amphotericin B.
Drug related adverse events were similar for each group and included nausea, headache, vaginal moniliasis, and vaginitis.
Candidiasis moniliasis, thrush, candida paronychia, candida endocarditis, bronchomycosis, mycotic vulvovaginitis, candiosis.
La moniliasis del cacao es causada por el hongo Moniliophthora roreri Cif & Par.
In clinical trials Omnicef was well tolerated and the most common adverse events were diarrhea (15 percent), vaginal moniliasis (4 percent of women), nausea (3 percent), headache (2 percent), abdominal pain (1 percent) and vaginitis (1 percent of women) in adults and adolescents and diarrhea (8 percent), rash (3 percent) and vomiting (1 percent) in pediatrics.
3%) of the examined neonates had either oral moniliasis, fungal infection in the napkin area or candidal intertrigo.