moniliasis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

candidiasis

 [kan″dĭ-di´ah-sis]
infection by fungi of the genus Candida, generally C. albicans, most commonly involving the skin, oral mucosa (thrush), respiratory tract, or vagina; occasionally there is a systemic infection or endocarditis. It is most often associated with pregnancy, glycosuria, diabetes mellitus, or use of antibiotics. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has found that in the United States this condition is the fourth most common cause of nosocomial infections of the blood stream. Called also candidosis and moniliasis.

The most prominent symptom of vaginitis due to Candida infection is severe itching. Sexual transmission is unlikely. Intravaginal cream containing miconazole or clotrimazole, applied each night for one week, usually clears up the infection. Difficulty or pain with swallowing, or retrosternal pain, may indicate candidiasis of the esophagus. Systemic antifungal therapy is indicated for esophagitis and other more severe forms of the disease. Therapeutic options include ketoconazole, fluconazole, and amphotericin b. Chronic suppressive therapy is sometimes required for severely immunocompromised patients. The Infectious Disease Society of America has published “Practice Guidelines for the Treatment of Candidiasis” on their web site, http://www.idsociety.org.
atrophic candidiasis oral candidiasis marked by erythematous, pebbled patches on the hard or soft palate, buccal mucosa, and dorsal surface of the tongue, a complication of numerous different conditions such as vitamin deficiency, diabetes mellitus, or poorly fitting dentures. There are acute forms and a chronic form called denture stomatitis.
bronchopulmonary candidiasis candidiasis of the respiratory tree, occurring in a mild afebrile form manifested as chronic bronchitis, and in a usually fatal form resembling tuberculosis. Called also bronchocandidiasis.
chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis a group comprising a number of varying forms of Candida infection, marked by chronic candidiasis of the skin and nails and the mucous membranes of the mouth and vagina that is resistant to treatment; it may be localized or diffuse, is sometimes familial, and may be associated with disorders of the immune and endocrine systems.
endocardial candidiasis Candida endocarditis.
oral candidiasis thrush.
pulmonary candidiasis a type of fungal pneumonia caused by infection with Candida species, seen especially in immunocompromised patients or those with malignancies. Called also Candida pneumonia.
vaginal candidiasis (vulvovaginal candidiasis) candidal infection of the vagina, and usually also the vulva, commonly characterized by itching, creamy white discharge, vulvar redness and swelling, and dyspareunia. Called also Candida or candidal vaginitis and Candida or candidal vulvovaginitis.

can·di·di·a·sis

(kan'di-dī'ă-sis),
Infection with, or disease caused by, Candida, especially C. albicans. This disease usually results from debilitation (as in immunosuppression and especially AIDS), physiologic change, prolonged administration of antibiotics, and iatrogenic and barrier breakage.
Synonym(s): candidosis, moniliasis

moniliasis

(mō′nə-lī′ə-sĭs, mŏn′ə-)

monilial vulvovaginitis, moniliasis

moniliasis

A term largely used by the lay public for various forms of candidiasis.

can·di·di·a·sis

(kandi-dīă-sis)
Infection with, or disease caused by, Candida, especially C. albicans. This disease usually results from debilitation (as in immunosuppression and especially AIDS), physiologic change, prolonged administration of antibiotics, and barrier breakage. Commonly affected areas include the skin, oral mucous membranes, respiratory tract, and vagina.
Synonym(s): candidosis, moniliasis.

moniliasis

See CANDIDIASIS.

Beck,

Soma Cornelius, German physician, 1872-1930.
Beck disease - Synonym(s): Beck-Ibrahim syndrome
Beck-Ibrahim syndrome - an erythematous eruption of the perineal and perigenital regions of newborns, with multiple pustules filled with Candida albicans. Synonym(s): Beck disease; candidiasis; cutaneous anergy; Ibrahim disease; moniliasis

can·di·di·a·sis

(kandi-dīă-sis)
Infection with, or disease caused by, Candida, especially C. albicans. Commonly affected areas include skin, oral mucous membranes, respiratory tract, and vagina.
Synonym(s): moniliasis.

moniliasis (mō´nilī´əsis),

n infection by a fungus of the genus
Candida, usually
C. albicans. May involve the oral cavity (thrush), female genitalia, skin, hands, nails, and/or lungs.
Oral moniliasis refers to thrush or to mycotic stomatitis. The latter term is sometimes applied to erythematous patches that are not typical of the usual white patches of thrush. See also thrush.

moniliasis

see candidiasis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Three were evaluated in 2001, Pseudomonas putida, Pseudomonas cepacia, and Bacillus subtilius, and outcome data indicated that Bacillus subtilius and Pseudomonas cepacia both reduced moniliasis 62% and 55%, respectively.
In the contraception trial: leukorrhea, diarrhea, vomiting, vaginitis, flu syndrome, moniliasis, allergic reaction, cystitis, tooth disorder, sore throat, infection, fever, surgery, back pain, migraine, dyspepsia, rhinitis, acne, gastroenteritis, bronchitis, pharyngitis, skin disorder, intermenstrual bleeding, decreased libido, pain, increased cough, dizziness, pain in extremity, and pelvic pain.
The most frequent (>1%) treatment-emergent adverse events, listed in descending order, reported with the use of YAZ in the PMDD clinical trials, which may or may not be drug-related, included: intermenstrual bleeding, headache, nausea, breast pain, upper respiratory infection, asthenia, abdominal pain, decreased libido, emotional lability, suspicious Papanicolaou smear, nervousness, menorrhagia, pain in extremity, depression, menstrual disorder, migraine, sinusitis, weight gain, vaginal moniliasis, vaginitis, hyperlipidemia, back pain, diarrhea, increased appetite, enlarged abdomen, accidental injury, acne, dysmenorrhea, and urinary tract infection.
Povidone Iodine Suppository: for treatment of moniliasis colpitis, bacterial colpitis, and hemorrhoids; -- Gabexate Mesylate Injection: for treatment of acute pancreatitis and acute hemorrhagic necrosis of the pancreas; -- Ciclopirox Ointment: for treatment of superficial fungal infection, such as Tinea manuum and Tinea pedis; -- Ciclopirox Olamine Vaginal Suppositories: for treatment of moniliasis, or mycotic colitis.
The most common side effects were similar to other OCs and include upper respiratory infection, headache, breast pain, vaginal moniliasis (yeast infection), leukorrhea (vaginal discharge), diarrhea, and nausea.
In adult and adolescent trials, the most common adverse effects were: diarrhea (15 percent), vaginal moniliasis (4 percent of women), nausea (3 percent), headache (2 percent), abdominal pain (1 percent) and vaginitis (1 percent of women).
Adverse reactions determined to be at least possibly drug-related occurring in at least 1% of patients were nausea (3%), diarrhea (2%), headache (1%), dyspepsia (1%), dizziness (1%), and vaginal moniliasis (1%).