moniliasis


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candidiasis

 [kan″dĭ-di´ah-sis]
infection by fungi of the genus Candida, generally C. albicans, most commonly involving the skin, oral mucosa (thrush), respiratory tract, or vagina; occasionally there is a systemic infection or endocarditis. It is most often associated with pregnancy, glycosuria, diabetes mellitus, or use of antibiotics. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has found that in the United States this condition is the fourth most common cause of nosocomial infections of the blood stream. Called also candidosis and moniliasis.

The most prominent symptom of vaginitis due to Candida infection is severe itching. Sexual transmission is unlikely. Intravaginal cream containing miconazole or clotrimazole, applied each night for one week, usually clears up the infection. Difficulty or pain with swallowing, or retrosternal pain, may indicate candidiasis of the esophagus. Systemic antifungal therapy is indicated for esophagitis and other more severe forms of the disease. Therapeutic options include ketoconazole, fluconazole, and amphotericin b. Chronic suppressive therapy is sometimes required for severely immunocompromised patients. The Infectious Disease Society of America has published “Practice Guidelines for the Treatment of Candidiasis” on their web site, http://www.idsociety.org.
atrophic candidiasis oral candidiasis marked by erythematous, pebbled patches on the hard or soft palate, buccal mucosa, and dorsal surface of the tongue, a complication of numerous different conditions such as vitamin deficiency, diabetes mellitus, or poorly fitting dentures. There are acute forms and a chronic form called denture stomatitis.
bronchopulmonary candidiasis candidiasis of the respiratory tree, occurring in a mild afebrile form manifested as chronic bronchitis, and in a usually fatal form resembling tuberculosis. Called also bronchocandidiasis.
chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis a group comprising a number of varying forms of Candida infection, marked by chronic candidiasis of the skin and nails and the mucous membranes of the mouth and vagina that is resistant to treatment; it may be localized or diffuse, is sometimes familial, and may be associated with disorders of the immune and endocrine systems.
endocardial candidiasis Candida endocarditis.
oral candidiasis thrush.
pulmonary candidiasis a type of fungal pneumonia caused by infection with Candida species, seen especially in immunocompromised patients or those with malignancies. Called also Candida pneumonia.
vaginal candidiasis (vulvovaginal candidiasis) candidal infection of the vagina, and usually also the vulva, commonly characterized by itching, creamy white discharge, vulvar redness and swelling, and dyspareunia. Called also Candida or candidal vaginitis and Candida or candidal vulvovaginitis.

can·di·di·a·sis

(kan'di-dī'ă-sis),
Infection with, or disease caused by, Candida, especially C. albicans. This disease usually results from debilitation (as in immunosuppression and especially AIDS), physiologic change, prolonged administration of antibiotics, and iatrogenic and barrier breakage.
Synonym(s): candidosis, moniliasis

moniliasis

(mō′nə-lī′ə-sĭs, mŏn′ə-)

moniliasis

A term largely used by the lay public for various forms of candidiasis.

can·di·di·a·sis

(kandi-dīă-sis)
Infection with, or disease caused by, Candida, especially C. albicans. This disease usually results from debilitation (as in immunosuppression and especially AIDS), physiologic change, prolonged administration of antibiotics, and barrier breakage. Commonly affected areas include the skin, oral mucous membranes, respiratory tract, and vagina.
Synonym(s): candidosis, moniliasis.

moniliasis

See CANDIDIASIS.

Beck,

Soma Cornelius, German physician, 1872-1930.
Beck disease - Synonym(s): Beck-Ibrahim syndrome
Beck-Ibrahim syndrome - an erythematous eruption of the perineal and perigenital regions of newborns, with multiple pustules filled with Candida albicans. Synonym(s): Beck disease; candidiasis; cutaneous anergy; Ibrahim disease; moniliasis

can·di·di·a·sis

(kandi-dīă-sis)
Infection with, or disease caused by, Candida, especially C. albicans. Commonly affected areas include skin, oral mucous membranes, respiratory tract, and vagina.
Synonym(s): moniliasis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Moniliasis is also known as Quevado disease, and in Spanish as pudricion acuosa, helada, and mancha ceniza.
In this case, "the pericardium was hemorrhagic, as were the lungs and the interventricular septum and the subendocrinal walls of the heart." (9) Other victims included the scrapyard owner's wife (36-year-old female) who died of severe hemorrhage of all organs, an 18-year-old scavenger who died of radiation-induced congestion in all organs and disseminated hemorrhagic spots in the stomach and intestines, and a 57-year-old housewife who developed symptoms such as rectal bleeding, oral and vaginal moniliasis, and severe anorexia and vomiting, but survived.
versicolor and moniliasis were seen as associated conditions in two cases respectively.
roreri, agentes causales de la enfermedad de la escoba de bruja y la moniliasis del cacao, respectivamente.
cacao en Centroamerica extendido hacia el norte, responsable de la dispersion reciente y rapida de la moniliasis causada por M.
Las accesiones corresponden a aislamientos de Moniliophthora roreri (Cif.) Evans, agente causal de moniliasis en el cacao, enfermedad que representa uno de los principales factores limitantes del rendimiento en nueve paises de America Central y America del Sur.
(17) Caruso LJ: Vaginal moniliasis after tetracycline therapy: The effects of amphotericin B.
Candidiasis moniliasis, thrush, candida paronychia, candida endocarditis, bronchomycosis, mycotic vulvovaginitis, candiosis.