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Related to mongolism: mongoloid


old term for down syndrome; now considered offensive.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.




(mŏng′gə-lĭz′əm, mŏn′-)
n. Offensive
Down syndrome.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005


Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Patient discussion about mongolism

Q. Can Down syndrome occur again? A few years ago, at the age of 32 my sister gave birth to a child that was diagnosed with Down syndrome. Now, at the age of 37 she's pregnant again. Can she have another baby with Down? Does the fact she has a baby with Down means she has higher risk for a second baby with Down?

A. - Older women especially after 35 years
- Previuosly child with Down Syndrome

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Q. assessment of down syndrom

A. down syndrome is a very easy diagnosis - it just need a chromosome check and seeing 3 (instead 2) chromosomes number 21. -

Q. what does enlarged heart mean? is it linked to down syndrome? My wife is 16 weeks pregnant. we did a prenatal US and we were told that the baby hes an enlarged heart and that we are advised to do amniocentesis. A friend of mine had a baby with down syndrome, and he was toled that if they have done this procedure, the doctors could have find it on time and abort the pregnancy. Is there a clear connection between the enlarged hart and the fact that the doctor advised us to do this procedure to down syndrome?

A. Down syndrome is associated with several kinds of heart problems. those problems can cause an enlarged heart but usually it will appears as a post-natal complication.
The protocol that most obstetrics use is that if there is anything abnormal in the US there is an automatic referral to an amniocentesis procedure.
the US has a lot of false alarms, so they must check with the more accurate procedure.

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References in periodicals archive ?
A revision of the prognosis in Mongolism. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 12(3), 503-510.
Basal ganglia calcification and psychosis in mongolism. European Neurology, 17, 300-314.
Psychiatric aspects of mongolism. American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 69, 653-660.
In theory, genetic manipulation may be considered ethical and acceptable for the therapy of mongolism and other functional abnormalities and degenerative diseases.
Langdon Down diagnosed it as "mongolism" (because it produced children with almond-shaped eyes reminiscent, to at least one nineteenth-century British mind, of central Asian faces).
Abnormal dermatoglyphic patterns are known to occur with genetic disorders like Mongolism, Turner's syndrome, Kline filter's syndrome etc.
The relative effect of paternal age and maternal age in mongolism. J Genet, 1993, 27, 219.
INTRODUCTION: Down's syndrome (Mongolism, Trisomy-21) was first described in 1866 by Dr.