monensin


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monensin

(mō-nĕn′sĭn)
n.
A broad-spectrum antibiotic, C36H62O11, obtained from the actinomycete Streptomyces cinnamonensis and used chiefly as an additive to beef cattle feed.

monensin

used as a growth promotant in ruminants, produced by cultures of Streptomyces cinnamonensis. Not to be used in horses because of its toxicity in this species.
Large doses in cattle and normal doses in horses cause sudden death due to heart failure. Signs include jugular engorgement, edema and dyspnea. Monensin also increases chances of nitrite poisoning occurring in ruminants fed on high-nitrate rations.

monensin-tiamulin poisoning
simultaneous administration of both compounds can result in the development of monensin poisoning.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effect of haylage and monensin supplementation on ruminal bacterial communities of feedlot cattle.
Anise and capsicum as alternatives to monensin to modify rumen fermentation in beef heifers fed a high concentrate diet.
Monensin, tylosin, chlortetracycline, oxytetracycline, neomycin, and sulfamethazine were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich (St.
Monensin one of the common ionophore inhibits cellulolytic bacteria and protozoa; hence fermentations shift from acetate to propionate production.
Monensin sodium may be fed @ 200-300 mg/ head/day for prevention of clinical and subclinical ketosis as it reduces [beta]-hydroxy butyrate (BHBA), non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA), acetoacetate and increases glucose.
The crane was housed in an outdoor pen and fed a pelleted crane diet supplemented with monensin at 90 g/ton.
Feedlot performance and rumen parakeratosis incidence in Bos indicus type bullocks fed high grain diets and monensin or polyclonal antibodies preparations against rumen bacteria.
Determination of monensin, narasin and salinomycin in mineral premixes, supplements, and animal feeds by liquid chromatography and post-column derivatization.
Monensin decreases the amount of acetic acid, a precursor for methane buildup.
Carcass traits and meat quality of male lambs fed monensin or lasalocid.
Monensin, Eimeria tenella infection, and effects on the bacterial populations in the ceca of gnotobiotic chickens.