1. any superficial inflammatory process involving primarily the epidermis, marked early by redness, itching, minute papules and vesicles, weeping, oozing, and crusting, and later by scaling, lichenification, and often pigmentation.
Eczema is a common allergic reaction in children but it also occurs in adults, usually in a more severe form. Childhood eczema often begins in infancy, the rash appearing on the face, neck, and folds of elbows and knees. It may disappear by itself when an offending food is removed from the diet, or it may become more extensive and in some instances cover the entire surface of the body. Severe eczema can be complicated by skin infections. Childhood eczema may persist for several years or return after the child is older. Persons suffering from childhood eczema may develop another allergic condition later, most often hay fever or asthma.
Cause and Treatment. Eczema is sometimes caused by an allergic sensitivity to foods such as milk, fish, or eggs. Inhalant allergens such as dust and pollens rarely cause eczema. Treatment involves the use of soothing baths, moisturizing creams, topical steroids, and oral antihistamines to alleviate itching. See also allergy.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
ec·ze·ma (ek'zĕ-mă, eg'zĕ-mă, eg-zē'mă), Avoid the mispronunciation ecze'ma and the misspellings exzema, ecxema, and other variants. Do not confuse this word with exemia.
Generic term for inflammatory conditions of the skin, particularly with vesiculation in the acute stage, typically erythematous, edematous, papular, and crusting; followed often by lichenification and scaling and occasionally by duskiness of the erythema and, infrequently, hyperpigmentation; often accompanied by sensations of itching and burning; the vesicles form by intraepidermal spongiosis; often hereditary and associated with allergic rhinitis and asthma.
[G. fr. ekzeō, to boil over]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
eczema (ĕk′sə-mə, ĕg′zə-, ĭg-zē′-)
A noncontagious inflammation of the skin, characterized chiefly by redness, itching, and the outbreak of lesions that may discharge serous matter and become encrusted and scaly.
ec·zem′a·tous (ĕg-zĕm′ə-təs, -zē′mə-təs, ĭg-) adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
eczema Dermatology A generic term for a dermatopathy characterized by vesicle formation, papules and crusting overlying an erythematous rash, typically in areas of high concentration of sebaceous glands
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Generic term for inflammatory conditions of the skin, particularly with vesiculation in the acute stage, typically erythematous, edematous, papular, and crusting; followed often by lichenification and scaling and occasionally by duskiness of the erythema and, infrequently, hyperpigmentation; often accompanied by sensations of itching and burning; the vesicles form by intraepidermal spongiosis.
[G. fr. ekzeō, to boil over]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
eczema (eg-ze'ma, eg'ze-, ek'se-) [L. eczema, fr. Gr. ekzema, fr. ekzein, to boil out]
A general term for an itchy red rash that initially weeps or oozes serum and may become crusted, thickened, or scaly. Eczematous rash may result from various causes, including allergies, irritating chemicals, drugs, scratching or rubbing the skin, or sun exposure. It may be acute or chronic. The rash may become secondarily infected. See: dermatitis
Avoiding the cause of the rash (such as a sun-sensitizing drug; the leaves of the poison oak plant; an irritating soap or perfume, wool clothing, etc) prevents recurrences and allows the skin to heal. Locally applied astringent solutions (such as Burow's solution), antihistamines, or corticosteroid ointments, tablets, or injections may relieve the inflammation.
Patients are helped to identify and avoid allergens in their diet or environment. Clothing should be soft textured, preferably cotton, and washed in a mild detergent and rinsed thoroughly. Fingernails should be kept short to decrease damage from scratching. Antihistamines may help to reduce itching at night. Maintaining a room temperature below 72°F (22°C), using humidifiers during the winter, and bathing in tepid water help keep the skin hydrated and decrease itching. See: ;
asteatotic eczemaWinter itch.
Dry, pinkish, ill-defined patches with itching and burning; slight swelling with tendency to spread and coalesce; branny scaling; roughness and dryness of skin. This type may become generalized.
Eczema marked by a thick, dry, inelastic skin with cracks and fissures.
Massive crops of vesicles that become pustular, occurring when herpes simplex virus infection occurs in a person, usually an infant, with pre-existing eczema. Synonym: Kaposi varicelliform eruption
Eczema with thickening of the skin.
Eczema marked by a raw, red surface covered with moisture.
Eczema with coin-shaped or oval lesions. It is often associated with dry skin and worsens in dry weather. See: illustration
Follicular, impetiginous, or consecutive eczema including eczema rubrum, eczema madidans, eczema fissum, and squamous eczema .
Eczema marked by a red, glazed surface with little oozing.
Eczema marked by excessive secretion from the sebaceous glands. Synonym: seborrhea
Chronic eczema on the soles, legs, and scalp; marked by multiple circumscribed, infiltrated patches with thin, dry scales
The spreading of vaccinia virus to localized areas of skin, or to the entire body, in patients recently vaccinated against smallpox. This reaction is a rare complication of smallpox vaccination, occurring in about 40 per million of newly vaccinated individuals. It usually occurs in people with pre-existing eczema and is occasionally fatal.
Eczema accompanied by the formation of vesicles occurring on the hands or feet.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
eczema The effect of a number of different causes and a feature of many different kinds of skin inflammation (dermatitis). It features itching, scaly red patches and small fluid-filled blisters which burst, releasing serum, so that the skin becomes moist, ‘weeping’ and crusty.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
eczema a blistery skin rash usually due to an allergy.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
A superficial type of inflammation of the skin that may be very itchy and weeping in the early stages; later, the affected skin becomes crusted, scaly, and thick. There is no known cause.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
An inflammatory disease of the skin characterized by a rash of red spots, rough scaling, dryness and soreness of the skin sometimes leading to the formation of blisters. It often gives rise to itching or to a burning sensation. It may occur on the skin of the face where parts of spectacles rest. Frames should be cleaned regularly to avoid causing skin irritation. Syn. contact dermatitis.
Millodot: Dictionary of Optometry and Visual Science, 7th edition. © 2009 Butterworth-Heinemann
Generic term for inflammatory skin conditions, particularly with vesiculation in acute stage, typically erythematous, edematous, papular, and crusting; followed often by lichenification and scaling and occasionally by dusky erythema; often hereditary and associated with allergic rhinitis and asthma.
[G. fr. ekzeō, to boil over]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
Patient discussion about eczema
Q. WHERE CAN I FIND A NATURAL TREATMENT FOR ECZEMA? I HAVE SUFFERED...I MEAN SUFFERED FROM SEVERE ECZEMA THAT LEAVES MY FACE SWOLLEN, BURNING, OOZING, ITCHY, DRY, CRACKED,STINGING. SOMETIMES MY FACE BLEEDS. I DARE NOT CRY BECAUSE TEARS HITS MY FACE LIKE BATTERY ACID. DOCTORS DO NOT HELP ME. THEY ONLY OFFER PREDNISONE AND THE SIDE EFFECTS ARE UNBEARABLE. SOMEONE,PLEASE HELP ME!!!!
A. I HAVE SEEN TWO PROMINENT ALLERGY SPECIALIST WHO GAVE ME A BATTERY OF SKIN PATCH TESTS AND THEY COULD NOT HELP ME. SO THEY JUST REFERRED ME BACK TO DERMATOLOGY WHERE THEY ONLY KNOW PREDISONE AS A THERAPY. I'M JUST GRATEFUL THAT SOMEONE CARES AND RESPONDED. I AM OPEN TO OTHER STRATEGIES. THANK YOU.
Q. do you have information or articles on skin eczema that is related to depression, especially in men?
A. If you are looking for professional articles, then here's one to start with:
Q. Eczema tic itching leads making his skin reddish and abraded. My brothers eczema is very vulnerable to allergens. In spite of steps taken to eliminate this we have not succeeded much. His medicines do not help him. They cannot cure this immune disorder. They have started showing some side effects. His fight for eczema tic itching starts again once he stops his medicines. Eczema tic itching leads making his skin reddish and abraded. If any diet can help then please guide?
A. Though food can also trigger eczema symptoms. Thus you must avoid cow`s milk, eggs, shellfish. Avoid dusty areas, pollution. His doctor would have told about the allergens to be avoided just follow them. You can also make him have raw food. It’s said that they help reduce on the return of the symptoms. Use anything as natural as possible, like soaps, clothing and anything which is unnatural. This will help for the eczematic impact to reduce.More discussions about eczema
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