mitochondrial genome


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mitochondrial genome

The genetic information contained in the mitochondrion’s circular chromosome. The mitochondrial genome plus the chromosomal (nuclear) genome constitute an organism’s entire genome.
References in periodicals archive ?
Given these reports, the features of the mitochondrial genome for different types of cancer stem cells are different from each other.
And Pteria penguin is the only Pteria species with an available, complete mitochondrial genome. Therefore, further mitogenomes of Pteria species must be characterized to further elucidate the relationship between Pteria and other genera.
The paper titled, "Mitochondrial genome of a 22,000-year-old giant panda from southern China reveals a new panda lineage," was published June 18 in the journal (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2018.05.008) Current Biology.
MitomiRs Targeting Mitochondrial Genome Are Deregulated by Organismal Aging or Cellular Senescence
Unlike nuclear genome mutations, in the analysis of mitochondrial genomes, there occurs not the determination of homo- and heterozygotes by mutation, but the detection of the heteroplasmy level of mtDNA mutations (the ratio of mutant copies of the mitochondrial genome to the total number of DNA molecules in the mitochondria).
In the present study, we report the full sequence of I pig mitochondrial genome. The full sequence and D loop region sequence are used to estimate the genetic relationships between I pig and Asian and European pigs.
At a population level studies in a variety of organisms, partial or complete mitochondrial genome sequences have proved to be a useful marker and specifically in case of Plasmodium genus, mitochondrial genome is predominantly well-suited for studies.
Messing, "The mitochondrial genome of an aquatic plant, Spirodela polyrhiza," PLoS One, vol.
In fact, the importance and relevance of mitochondrial epigenetics in aging has been controversial [28], primarily because of the difficulty of studying the relatively small mitochondrial genome in the context of the far larger nuclear genome.
Within the mitochondrial genome, p53 induces the transcription of 16S rRNA and COX subunit I [101, 105].

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