mirror syndrome


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mirror syndrome

Obstetrics
A rare condition characterised by foetal and placental hydrops and maternal pre-eclampsia.

Aetiology
Obstetrical problems including Rh incompatibility, metabolic disease, foetal infection and foetal malformations; possibly linked to high-output cardiac failure in the mother; possibly due to the release of hormones or vasoactive substances by the placenta.
 
Clinical findings
• Maternal—Oedema, albuminuria, pre-eclampsia; lab findings may include anaemia, increased uric acid.
• Foetal—Ascites, hydrops, occasionally twin-twin transfusion.

Neurology
A rare form of anterograde amnesia, described in 2007 by Giovannini Conchiglia in which patients mimic those around them. It is linked to damage to the fronto-temporal cortex.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Mirror syndrome after fetoscopic laser therapy for twin-twin transfusion syndrome due to transient donor hydrops that resolved before delivery.
As the baby's organs began to shut down, Katrina developed mirror syndrome, which meant her organs were shutting down simultaneously.
The team consider all manner of suggestions until House comes to the conclusion that it is maternal mirror syndrome, a condition in which a perfectly healthy mother adopts the symptoms of her unborn child.
Triggered by compression of the great vessels and cardiac compression from large tumors, it is a strong predictor of fetal death and may lead to "maternal mirror syndrome," a potentially devastating complication in which the mother develops the same symptoms as her critically ill fetus.
Risks include maternal mirror syndrome, premature delivery, and dystocia associated with traumatic tumor rupture and hemorrhage.
A mirror syndrome affecting the mother and cardiac failure in the foetus was initially suspected.
A severe maternal condition associated with SCT is Maternal Mirror Syndrome or Ballantyne's Syndrome (also referred to as pseudotoxemia); this is a clinical entity presenting clinical features similar to preeclampsia in a mother carrying a foetus affected by hydrops.
However, Mirror syndrome was excluded due to the lack of foetal hydrops, no evidence of maternal haemodilution and elevated umbilical artery PI and lack of diastolic flow consistent with a preeclampsia.