mirror neuron


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

mirror neuron

n.
A neuron found in the cerebral cortex that is active when one performs an action or when one witnesses another performing the same action, and whose function is thought to be involved in acquiring language and the ability to empathize.

mirror neuron

Any of a group of neurons that become active both when an animal moves in a certain way and when the animal observes others performing the same action. Learning by simulation or imitation is thought to be a function of the system of mirror neurons in the brain.
See also: neuron
References in periodicals archive ?
Action observation and mirror neuron network: A tool for motor stroke rehabilitation.
(2014) Mirror Neuron System and Mentalizing System connect during online social interaction.
Upon viewing another individual's actions, the mirror neuron system in humans activates areas in the observer's brain that are associated with performing that action [69].
Aziz-Zadeh, "The mirror neuron system: A neural substrate for methods in stroke rehabilitation," Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, vol.
"The Mirror Neuron System: Grasping Others' Actions from Birth?" Developmental Science 10 (2007): 513-523.
Those with more responsive mirror neuron systems--essentially those who displayed more empathy--were more likely to bow to social pressure and comply with unethical requests, especially if they thought the manager would benefit.
Empathy in women is thus more emotional because of the greater strength and the higher number of mirror neurons activated during the affective response process.
Moreover, according to Parsons (8), judging the handedness of a visually presented hand stimulus involves a pre-attentive handedness-recognition process followed by a mental simulation of one's own hand moving towards the stimulus, which may be related to mirror neuron activation (11).
We found the need to analyze what type of demonstration could improve the capability of action observation of patients in order to provide a basis for rehabilitation and to allow a discussion about a possible impediment of the mirror neuron system.
Ramachandran suggests the development of mirror neurons was most likely the cause of rapid advancement in cognitive awareness, skills, and technology.
Mirror neuron research has encouraged the development of new motor rehabilitation approaches.
Using layman's terms, Rizzato and Donelli are able to break down mirror neurons into easy-to-understand language.