minipool

minipool

(mĭ′nē-pool″)
A small sample of blood or blood products derived from a large group of blood donors. Minipools taken from 14 to 48 blood donors are screened in clinical medicine for the presence of dangerous infections, such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or HIV. Minipool testing is more efficient and more cost effective than the more expensive method of testing each individually donated specimen. If a minipool is negative for infection, all of its components are cleared for use. If a minipool tests positive, the individual components in the pool are tested to determine which of the donors has given a specimen that needs to be discarded.
References in periodicals archive ?
As alternatives to the 28-day deferral, the United Kingdom uses a minipool (MP) of 6 samples and Ireland performs individual donation (ID) WNV screening using nucleic acid testing (NAT) of blood donations from traveling donors who have visited a WNV-affected country in the previous 28 days during the mosquito season (May-November).
The regent suite boasts two bedrooms with private balconies with a custom-made heated minipool spa, two marble bathrooms, steam room and jetted tub, spacious living room, private solarium and three walk-in wardrobes.
One option being considered is a switch from IDT to minipool screening, in which donations are screened in small pools (e.g., composed of aliquots from six donor samples), followed by individual testing of constituents of reactive pools, perhaps in areas where ZIKV is not known to be present or during times of the year when mosquitoes are not active, and possibly in conjunction with pre-donation questions intended to determine a donor's potential ZIKV risk from travel.
Antigen detecting card test for Malaria studies show that the risk of HIV & HCV transmission through transfusion is 1 in 2 million after introduction of Minipool NAT (MP NAT).
To support the volume of testing needed and to conserve resources, minipool NAT, as used for HIV and hepatitis C since 1999, was used for WNV screening.
Key elements from the past were also preserved: reception desk for the concierge, chinoiserie lounge, and black-and-white mosaic floor from the early Philipe Starck design in the club and its scandalous basement minipool. Tucked inside architect Vincent Bastie's impeccable Haussmannian facade, the 39 rooms and suites lead off wide landings with art displays and carpet modeled on singer Serge Gainsbourg's Paris flat; those at the rear have wooden-decked balconies.
In many countries where NAT has been implemented as a mandatory procedure, MP - NAT is routinely practiced predominantly in pools of 96 donations.35 In our study we selected a minipool of five individual samples.
The implicated donation was initially screened as part of a minipool with five other donations; the MP-NAT was reactive using the Cobas TaqScreen West Nile Virus Test (Roche Molecular Systems).
NAT technology has been implemented in our service since October 2008, using minipool samples (n = 6, 1.5 mL) for HIV/HCV, in a real-time PCR one-step test.
This period has been estimated to be 35 days by individual sample NAT, 41 days by minipool NAT, and 50 days by highly sensitive HBsAg immunoassays (22).
Superiority of minipool nucleic acid amplification technology for hepatitis B virus over chemiluminescence immunoassay for hepatitis B surface antigen screening.
Gorgeous thick carpeting, a bathtub the size of a minipool and the view from my balcony soon had me jumping for joy.