More to the point, the FTC found that although the terms of the PPA require NTSP to deliver contracts to its physicians, NTSP rejected and did not deliver any contracts that fell below its minimum reimbursement schedule.
In sum, the FTC found that NTSP is able to exert collective bargaining power and fix prices because NTSP does not messenger contracts below its minimum reimbursement schedule.
Further, NTSP's PPAs use of powers of attorney and the activities associated with its minimum fee inquiries are inconsistent with the acceptable use of a messenger model.
To allow state courts to function as they should, Congress needs to overturn its unconstitutional mandatory minimum sentencing laws.
Owing to the disparity that Blakely will cause in sentencing, Congress will likely approve a new round of mandatory sentences, even though federally imposed mandatory minimum sentences are not the solution to sentencing problems.
If federally imposed mandatory minimum sentences were eliminated, the states could once again decide appropriate punishments, including the option of alternative sentences, which may alleviate monetary shortages and provide some social benefits.
A survey by the Federal Judicial Center found that 86 percent of federal judges oppose mandatory minimums. "Mandatory minimum sentences create injustice because the sentence is determined without looking at the particular defendant," says U.S.
The judge followed the mandatory (required) minimum sentence for Taylor's crime and sentenced her to nearly 20 years in prison.
The federal experience with mandatory minimums was mirrored at the state level, where sentences could be even more onerous.
Like federal mandatory minimums, the Rockefeller drug laws ' come down hard on people who are not exactly kingpins.
This graph shows the difference between the federal minimum wage and the minimum wage in 17 states and the District of Columbia.
In January, Hawaii's minimum wage was increased by 8 percent above its 2005 level.