Manganotti et al., "Behavioral and neurophysiological effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on the minimally conscious state
: a case study," Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, vol.
Research in the main databases: PubMed, PEDro, Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition was made using specified keywords (music therapy, vegetative state, unresponsive wakefulness syndrome, minimally conscious state
, locked-in syndrome and similar), inclusion and exclusion criteria (Table 1).
They usually evolve from a comatose state to a vegetative state (eyes open but only showing reflex behaviours) to a minimally conscious state
The European court, noting that 38-year-old Lambert had been declared in a minimally conscious state
and last year deemed vegetative, ruled that French law was sufficiently clear and there was no infringement of the Article 2 clause on the right to life in the European Convention of Human Rights.
Following coma, most patients transition to either a vegetative state (VS), also referred to as the "unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS)" , or a minimally conscious state
The comatose state, minimally conscious state
and vegetative state are all traditionally described as disorders of consciousness.
(4) Some vegetative state patients progress to a minimally conscious state
, a condition in .which they appear to experience intermittent periods of awareness.
''There are people who are in what's called a minimally conscious state
,'' said Vespa.
Vegetative state (VS) and minimally conscious state
(MCS) are both clinical conditions acquired or developed following severe brain injury, also there are clinically classified as disorders of consciousness (DOC).
Severely injured, Fabio remained in a coma for more than a year and has only reached a "minimally conscious state
" after a brain pacemaker was fitted in 2011.
Abbreviations: BAEP = brainstem auditory evoked potential, CD = compact disc, CNS = central nervous system, DOCS = Disorders of Consciousness Scale, FAST = Familiar Auditory Sensory Training, fMRI = functional magnetic resonance imaging, LTM = long-term memory, MCS = minimally conscious state
, MMN = mismatched negativity, PET = positron emission tomography, RCT = randomized clinical trial, STM = short-term memory, TBI = traumatic brain injury, VA = Department of Veterans Affairs, VS = vegetative state.
Doctors later concluded that she was in a minimally conscious state
- a state just above a persistent vegetative state.